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Quantitative assessment of Tn antigen in breast tissue micro-arrays using CdSe aqueous quantum dots.

Abstract
In this study, we examined the use of CdSe aqueous quantum dots (AQDs) each conjugated to three streptavidin as a fluorescent label to image Tn antigen expression in various breast tissues via a sandwich staining procedure where the primary monoclonal anti-Tn antibody was bound to the Tn antigen on the tissue, a biotin-labeled secondary antibody was bound to the primary anti-Tn antibody, and finally the streptavidin-conjugated AQDs were bound to the biotin on the secondary antibody. We evaluated the AQD staining of Tn antigen on tissue microarrays consisting of 395 cores from 115 cases including three tumor cores and one normal-tissue core from each breast cancer case and three tumor cores from each benign case. The results indicated AQD-Tn staining was positive in more than 90% of the cells in the cancer cores but not the cells in the normal-tissue cores and the benign tumor cores. As a result, AQD-Tn staining exhibited 95% sensitivity and 90% specificity in differentiating breast cancer against normal breast tissues and benign breast conditions. These results were better than the 90% sensitivity and 80% specificity exhibited by the corresponding horse radish peroxidase (HRP) staining using the same antibodies on the same tissues and those of previous studies that used different fluorescent labels to image Tn antigen. In addition to sensitivity and specificity, the current AQD-Tn staining with a definitive threshold was quantitative.
AuthorsGiang H T Au, Linette Mejias, Vanlila K Swami, Ari D Brooks, Wan Y Shih, Wei-Heng Shih
JournalBiomaterials (Biomaterials) Vol. 35 Issue 9 Pg. 2971-80 (Mar 2014) ISSN: 1878-5905 [Electronic] Netherlands
PMID24411673 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
CopyrightCopyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Chemical References
  • Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate
  • Cadmium Compounds
  • Selenium Compounds
  • Tn antigen
  • Water
  • cadmium selenide
  • Horseradish Peroxidase
Topics
  • Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate (metabolism)
  • Breast (metabolism, pathology)
  • Breast Neoplasms (diagnosis, pathology)
  • Cadmium Compounds
  • Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast (diagnosis, pathology)
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Female
  • Fluorescence
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Horseradish Peroxidase (metabolism)
  • Humans
  • Luminescence
  • Quantum Dots
  • Selenium Compounds
  • Spectrum Analysis
  • Staining and Labeling
  • Tissue Array Analysis
  • Water (chemistry)

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