Physicochemical properties of the modeled structure of astacin metalloprotease moulting enzyme NAS-36 and mapping the druggable allosteric space of Heamonchus contortus, Brugia malayi and Ceanorhabditis elegans via molecular dynamics simulation.

Nematodes represent the second largest phylum in the animal kingdom. It is the most abundant species (500,000) in the planet. It causes chronic, debilitating infections worldwide such as ascariasis, trichuriasis, hookworm, enterobiasis, strongyloidiasis, filariasis and trichinosis, among others. Molecular modeling tools can play an important role in the identification and structural investigation of molecular targets that can act as a vital candidate against filariasis. In this study, sequence analysis of NAS-36 from H. contortus (Heamonchus contortus), B. malayi (Brugia malayi) and C. elegans (Ceanorhabditis elegans) has been performed, in order to identify the conserved residues. Tertiary structure was developed for an insight into the molecular structure of the enzyme. Molecular Dynamics Simulation (MDS) studies have been carried out to analyze the stability and the physical properties of the proposed enzyme models in the H. contortus, B. malayi and C. elegans. Moreover, the drug binding sites have been mapped for inhibiting the function of NAS-36 enzyme. The molecular identity of this protease could eventually demonstrate how ex-sheathment is regulated, as well as provide a potential target of anthelmintics for the prevention of nematode infections.
AuthorsOm Prakash Sharma, Sonali Agrawal, M Suresh Kumar
JournalInterdisciplinary sciences, computational life sciences (Interdiscip Sci) Vol. 5 Issue 4 Pg. 312-23 (Dec 2013) ISSN: 1867-1462 [Electronic] Germany
PMID24402824 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Metalloendopeptidases
  • astacin
  • Animals
  • Brugia malayi (enzymology)
  • Caenorhabditis elegans (enzymology)
  • Metalloendopeptidases (chemistry)
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Dynamics Simulation

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