Clinical investigation of the effect of calcium hydroxide intracanal dressing on bacterial lipopolysaccharide reduction from infected root canals.

The purpose of this clinical study was to determine the effect of 7 day intracanal dressing with calcium hydroxide on the amount of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS; endotoxin) in human teeth with necrotic and infected pulp and apical periodontitis. Twenty-five single-rooted teeth with necrotic pulps and apical periodontitis were selected. Samples were collected before (S1), after root canal preparation (S2) and after 7 day intracanal dressing with calcium hydroxide (S3). The limulus amoebocyte lysate assay was used to quantify LPS. LPS was present in 100% of the root canals before (S1), after preparation (S2) and after 7 day intracanal dressing (S3). A significant reduction, equal to 29.54%, was found after root canal preparation (P < 0.05). A significant difference (equal to 25.26% reduction) was also detected between S2 and S3 (P < 0.05). Total endotoxin reduction (S3 compared with S1) was found to be 47.34%. Endotoxin concentration of the infected root canals was reduced after root canal preparation and also after 7 days of dressing of canals with calcium hydroxide; however, relatively high values of endotoxin remained in the root canals.
AuthorsAlireza Adl, Mohammad Motamedifar, Mahdi Sedigh Shams, Ahmad Mirzaie
JournalAustralian endodontic journal : the journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc (Aust Endod J) Vol. 41 Issue 1 Pg. 12-6 (Apr 2015) ISSN: 1747-4477 [Electronic] Australia
PMID24330326 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Copyright© 2013 Australian Society of Endodontology.

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