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Phrenic nerve stimulation for diaphragm pacing in a quadriplegic patient.

Abstract
Chronic hypoventilation due to injury to the brain stem respiratory center or high cervical cord (above the C3 level) can result in dependence to prolonged mechanical ventilation with tracheostomy, frequent nosocomial pneumonia, and prolonged hospitalization. Diaphragm pacing through electrical stimulation of the phrenic nerve is an established treatment for central hypoventilation syndrome. We performed chronic phrenic nerve stimulation for diaphragm pacing with the spinal cord stimulator for pain control in a quadriplegic patient with central apnea due to complete spinal cord injury at the level of C2 from cervical epidural hematoma. After diaphragmatic pacing, the patient who was completely dependent on the mechanical ventilator could ambulate up to three hours every day without aid of mechanical ventilation during the 12 months of follow-up. Diaphragm pacing through unilateral phrenic nerve stimulation with spinal cord stimulator was feasible in an apneic patient with complete quadriplegia who was completely dependent on mechanical ventilation. Diaphragm pacing with the spinal cord stimulator is feasible and effective for the treatment of the central hypoventilation syndrome.
AuthorsByung-Chul Son, Deog-Ryung Kim, Il-Sup Kim, Jae Taek Hong
JournalJournal of Korean Neurosurgical Society (J Korean Neurosurg Soc) Vol. 54 Issue 4 Pg. 359-62 (Oct 2013) ISSN: 2005-3711 [Print] Korea (South)
PMID24294464 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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