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Short communication: Toxicokinetics of ochratoxin A in dairy ewes and carryover to milk following a single or long-term ingestion of contaminated feed.

Abstract
Ruminal microbes have the capacity to inactivate ochratoxins, rendering ruminants less sensitive to this fungal contaminant found in cereal feeds. However, ochratoxin A has been reported in milk surveys. The objective of this study was to assess the toxicokinetics, excretion, and transmission into milk of ochratoxin A using doses similar to those of naturally occurring field contaminations. Six Lacaune dairy ewes in late lactation were separated into 2 groups that received a single dose of contaminated wheat containing 5 or 30 μg of ochratoxin A/kg of body weight. After administration, toxicokinetics and excretion were monitored for 48 h. Subsequently, ewes were administered the corresponding toxin dose daily for 24 d followed by a second toxicokinetics and excretion monitoring period for this long-term exposure. The doses used did not affect production or health of ewes. After a single dose, ochratoxin A and its main metabolite, ochratoxin α, were found in blood 1h postexposure. The maximum blood concentrations of ochratoxin A and α, respectively, were dose dependent and were observed, on average, 6 and 8h after exposure. Long-term exposure increased the maximum concentration of ochratoxin A detected in blood, whereas ochratoxin α was not affected. In contrast, the time to reach the maximum concentration was reduced to 3h for both molecules. Ochratoxins, essentially ochratoxin α, were mainly excreted in feces. Ochratoxin A and α were detected in milk at concentrations that were dose dependent but with a low carryover rate (<0.02%). Chronic administration did not increase the concentration of toxin in milk. Even though ochratoxin A can escape ruminal degradation and traces were found in milk of experimentally exposed ewes, the low carryover of ochratoxin A in milk minimizes the risk to consumers.
AuthorsH Boudra, S Saivin, C Buffiere, D P Morgavi
JournalJournal of dairy science (J Dairy Sci) Vol. 96 Issue 10 Pg. 6690-6 (Oct 2013) ISSN: 1525-3198 [Electronic] United States
PMID23972496 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
CopyrightCopyright © 2013 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Chemical References
  • Ochratoxins
  • 5-chloro-8-hydroxy-3,4-dihydro-3-methylisocoumarin-7-carboxylic acid
Topics
  • Animals
  • Body Weight
  • Dairying
  • Eating
  • Feces (chemistry)
  • Female
  • Food Contamination
  • Lactation (physiology)
  • Milk (chemistry)
  • Ochratoxins (analysis, pharmacokinetics, toxicity)
  • Rumen (metabolism)
  • Sheep (physiology)
  • Triticum (microbiology, toxicity)

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