Use of uterine balloon tamponade for control of postpartum hemorrhage by community-based health providers in South Sudan.

To determine whether use of uterine balloon tamponade (UBT) for management of uncontrolled postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) by community-based providers in a resource-limited setting could be feasible, effective, and safe.
In rural South Sudan, community providers were trained and equipped with a simple UBT device consisting of a catheter, condom, and syringe. Snowball sampling identified cases of UBT use since training. Semi-structured interviews were conducted among community providers, referral facility providers, patients, and patient family members. Interview transcripts were analyzed using qualitative methods.
Thirteen cases were identified and 24 interviews related to community-based UBT use were conducted. Qualitative analysis revealed several major themes. Community providers applied UBT in appropriate clinical situations. UBT was effective for controlling PPH, even among severely ill patients. Referral was difficult and lengthy owing to the austere setting, but simple UBT appeared to mitigate these challenges. Communities had some initial fears, yet ultimately embraced UBT. Equipment and supplies were largely maintained. There was universal satisfaction with UBT among patients, family members, and providers. One death occurred among the 13 cases, although it was probably not attributable to PPH.
Training and UBT device provision are simple, affordable, and effective for managing uncontrolled PPH in a resource-limited setting.
AuthorsBrett D Nelson, Hanni Stoklosa, Roy Ahn, Melody J Eckardt, Emily K Walton, Thomas F Burke
JournalInternational journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (Int J Gynaecol Obstet) Vol. 122 Issue 1 Pg. 27-32 (Jul 2013) ISSN: 1879-3479 [Electronic] Ireland
PMID23623587 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
CopyrightCopyright © 2013 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Community Health Services (economics, methods)
  • Developing Countries
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Postpartum Hemorrhage (physiopathology, therapy)
  • Pregnancy
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sudan
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Uterine Balloon Tamponade (adverse effects, economics, methods)

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