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Prevention of surgical site infections in high-risk patients with laparotomy incisions using negative-pressure therapy.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
This study evaluates the efficacy of negative-pressure therapy (NPT) in preventing surgical site infections (SSIs) in high-risk surgical oncology patients.
METHODS:
A retrospective analysis of 191 operations for colorectal, pancreatic, or peritoneal surface malignancies was performed. Incisional NPT was used in patients with multiple SSI risk factors. Rates of SSIs were compared with patients treated with a standard sterile dressing (SSD).
RESULTS:
NPT was used in 104 patients, whereas SSDs were used in 87 patients. Despite being at an increased risk of SSI, patients treated with NPT developed fewer superficial incisional SSIs compared with SSD patients (6.7% vs 19.5%, P = .015). In a subgroup analysis of clean-contaminated cases, NPT was associated with fewer superficial incisional SSIs (6.0% vs 27.4%, P = .001), fewer total SSIs (16.0% vs 35.5%, P = .011), and fewer wound openings for any reason (16.0% vs 35.5%, P = .011).
CONCLUSIONS:
Our findings suggest that NPT decreases SSIs in high-risk surgical oncology patients.
AuthorsAaron U Blackham, Jason P Farrah, Thomas P McCoy, Benjamin S Schmidt, Perry Shen
JournalAmerican journal of surgery (Am J Surg) Vol. 205 Issue 6 Pg. 647-54 (Jun 2013) ISSN: 1879-1883 [Electronic] United States
PMID23375758 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article)
CopyrightCopyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Chemical References
  • Antineoplastic Agents
Topics
  • Antineoplastic Agents (therapeutic use)
  • Bandages
  • Blood Loss, Surgical (statistics & numerical data)
  • Blood Transfusion (statistics & numerical data)
  • Colorectal Neoplasms (drug therapy, surgery)
  • Humans
  • Laparotomy
  • Middle Aged
  • Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy
  • Neoadjuvant Therapy
  • Operative Time
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms (drug therapy, surgery)
  • Peritoneal Neoplasms (drug therapy, surgery)
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surgical Wound Infection (prevention & control)
  • Wound Healing

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