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[Chronotherapy with 5-fluorouracil folinic acid and oxaliplatin delivered over 48 hours every second week in colorectal cancer. The CHC-Liège experience (Belgium)].

Abstract
One hundred and ten consecutive patients suffering from a colorectal cancer received chronotherapy infused over two days every two weeks. Each course comported 5 FU 3g/m(2), folinic acid (600 mg/m(2) - l. form or 1200 mg/m(2)--racemic form) and oxaliplatin (85/mg/m(2)--adjuvant indication or 100mg/m(2)--palliative indication). According to chronobiological concepts, 5 FU and folinic acid were infused from 10 pm to 10 am with a peak at 4 am while oxaliplatin was delivered from 10 am to 10 pm with a peak at 4 pm. The overall tolerance was excellent with a maximum of 17% patients experiencing a grade 3 toxicity. The toxicity was higher in women, in older patients (>=70) or in case of flat infusion. In adjuvant situation (60 cases), progression free and overall survivals established respectively at 76% (42+months) and 88% (45+months). Fifty-two percent response rate were recorded within the palliative group (50 cases) with an overall 68% disease control. Median progression free survival was seven months but median survival was not attained at 31+ months. Thirty percent patients could benefit from a curative surgery after chemotherapy. Older patients (>=70) experienced worsened survival. In conclusion, we think that our chrono-FOLFOX 2-12 should be proposed as standard treatment for colorectal cancer patients.
AuthorsC Focan, G Demolin, F Kreutz, M-P Graas, L Longrée, G Matus, N Moeneclaey, D Focan-Henrard
JournalPathologie-biologie (Pathol Biol (Paris)) Vol. 61 Issue 5 Pg. e71-4 (Oct 2013) ISSN: 1768-3114 [Electronic] France
Vernacular TitleChronochimiothérapie à base de 5-fluorouracil, acide folinique et oxaliplatine administrée en deux jours toutes les deux semaines pour le cancer colorectal. L'expérience du CHC-Liège (Belgique).
PMID23089329 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
CopyrightCopyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Chemical References
  • Organoplatinum Compounds
  • oxaliplatin
  • Leucovorin
  • Fluorouracil
Topics
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols (administration & dosage)
  • Chronotherapy (adverse effects, methods)
  • Colorectal Neoplasms (drug therapy)
  • Female
  • Fluorouracil (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Humans
  • Leucovorin (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organoplatinum Compounds (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Survival Rate
  • Treatment Outcome

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