Involvement of lymphocyte infiltration in the progression of mouse peritoneal fibrosis model.

Peritoneal fibrosis is a serious complication in patients with severe chronic kidney disease who are undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). One of the pathological characteristics of peritoneal fibrosis is the infiltration of macrophages in the thickened submesothelial compact zone. In addition, infiltration of lymphocytes, including T and B lymphocytes, is observed in the fibrotic peritoneum. However, the relationship between lymphocyte infiltration and progression of peritoneal fibrosis remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of lymphocytes in the development of peritoneal fibrosis induced by chlorhexidine gluconate (CG) by comparing the histological changes observed in severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice (largely lacking functional T and B lymphocytes) with those observed in wild-type (WT) mice. As expected, CG-injected WT mice showed a thickening of the submesothelial compact zone together with massive collagen deposition accompanied by increased numbers of infiltrating macrophages and T and B lymphocytes. In the peritoneum of SCID mice, the submesothelial compact zone was thicker and the number of macrophages and B lymphocytes was significantly higher than that observed in control immunodeficient and WT mice. In contrast, the number of T lymphocytes in the peritoneum of SCID mice was significantly lower than that in the peritoneum of WT mice. These results suggest that T and B lymphocytes modulate the process of peritoneal fibrosis via macrophage infiltration.
AuthorsTomoya Nishino, Ryuichi Ashida, Yoko Obata, Akira Furusu, Katsushige Abe, Masanobu Miyazaki, Takehiko Koji, Shigeru Kohno
JournalRenal failure (Ren Fail) Vol. 34 Issue 6 Pg. 760-6 ( 2012) ISSN: 1525-6049 [Electronic] England
PMID22506622 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Disease Progression
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Lymphocytes (immunology)
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, SCID
  • Peritoneal Fibrosis (immunology)

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