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The polyphenols resveratrol and S17834 prevent the structural and functional sequelae of diet-induced metabolic heart disease in mice.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Diet-induced obesity is associated with metabolic heart disease characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction. Polyphenols such as resveratrol and the synthetic flavonoid derivative S17834 exert beneficial systemic and cardiovascular effects in a variety of settings including diabetes mellitus and chronic hemodynamic overload.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
We characterized the structural and functional features of a mouse model of diet-induced metabolic syndrome and used the model to test the hypothesis that the polyphenols prevent myocardial hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a normal diet or a diet high in fat and sugar (HFHS) with or without concomitant treatment with S17834 or resveratrol for up to 8 months. HFHS diet-fed mice developed progressive left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction with preservation of systolic function in association with myocyte hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis. In HFHS diet-fed mice, there was increased myocardial oxidative stress with evidence of oxidant-mediated protein modification via tyrosine nitration and 4-OH-2-nonenol adduction. HFHS diet-fed mice also exhibited increases in plasma fasting glucose, insulin, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance indicative of insulin resistance. Treatment with S17834 or resveratrol prevented left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction. For S17834, these beneficial effects were associated with decreases in oxidant-mediated protein modifications and hyperinsulinemia and increased plasma adiponectin.
CONCLUSIONS:
Resveratrol and S17834 administered concurrently with a HFHS diet prevent the development of left ventricular hypertrophy, interstitial fibrosis, and diastolic dysfunction. Multiple mechanisms may contribute to the beneficial effects of the polyphenols, including a reduction in myocardial oxidative stress and related protein modifications, amelioration of insulin resistance, and increased plasma adiponectin. The polyphenols resveratrol and S17834 may be of value in the prevention of diet-induced metabolic heart disease.
AuthorsFuzhong Qin, Deborah A Siwik, Ivan Luptak, Xiuyun Hou, Lei Wang, Akiko Higuchi, Robert M Weisbrod, Noriyuki Ouchi, Vivian H Tu, Timothy D Calamaras, Edward J Miller, Tony J Verbeuren, Kenneth Walsh, Richard A Cohen, Wilson S Colucci
JournalCirculation (Circulation) Vol. 125 Issue 14 Pg. 1757-64, S1-6 (Apr 10 2012) ISSN: 1524-4539 [Electronic] United States
PMID22388319 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • 6,8-diallyl 5,7-dihydroxy 2-(2-allyl 3-hydroxy 4-methoxyphenyl)1-H benzo(b)pyran-4-one
  • Adiponectin
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Benzopyrans
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Stilbenes
  • resveratrol
Topics
  • Adiponectin (blood)
  • Animals
  • Antihypertensive Agents (pharmacology)
  • Benzopyrans (pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Diastole (drug effects)
  • Diet, High-Fat
  • Dietary Carbohydrates (administration & dosage)
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular (prevention & control)
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Stilbenes (therapeutic use)
  • Ventricular Function, Left (drug effects)

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