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Prevalence of serum anti-rubella virus antibodies among pregnant women in southern Italy.

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
To determine the prevalence of anti-rubella virus antibodies and the level of knowledge about congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) among pregnant women living in southern Italy.
METHODS:
A seroepidemiologic study was conducted between July 1, 2006, and December 31, 2007. Five-hundred women resident in Messina were enrolled in the study; the participants were in the 4th to 39th week of pregnancy. Anti-rubella virus antibodies were assayed using a microparticle enzyme immunoassay. Demographic details, vaccination history, and participants' knowledge of the potential risks of rubella infection during pregnancy were assessed via questionnaire.
RESULTS:
On the basis of the questionnaire results, 70.4% of women were classed as immune to rubella virus infection; however, the prevalence of IgG anti-rubella virus antibodies measured in the participants' serum was 85.8%. Although 55.2% of women had undergone pre-pregnancy rubella screening, only 81 participants reported that they had been vaccinated before becoming pregnant. The participants' general knowledge about CRS was poor, as was their understanding of the importance of undergoing screening.
CONCLUSION:
The number of women at risk of rubella infection fell short of the national target set for elimination of CRS. Increased involvement and collaboration by all healthcare workers are, therefore, required to disseminate the information necessary to prevent CRS.
AuthorsSebastiano Calimeri, Adele Capua, Vincenza La Fauci, Raffaele Squeri, Orazio C Grillo, Daniela Lo Giudice
JournalInternational journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (Int J Gynaecol Obstet) Vol. 116 Issue 3 Pg. 211-3 (Mar 2012) ISSN: 1879-3479 [Electronic] Ireland
PMID22233835 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
CopyrightCopyright © 2011 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Chemical References
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • rubella antibodies
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antibodies, Viral (blood)
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Italy (epidemiology)
  • Middle Aged
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious (blood, immunology)
  • Prevalence
  • Rubella (blood, epidemiology, immunology)
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult

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