Lack of evidence for association between factor XIII-A Val34Leu polymorphism and ischemic stroke: a meta-analysis of 8,800 subjects.

Epidemiological studies have evaluated the association between factor XIII-A (FXIII-A) Val34Leu polymorphism and risk of ischemic stroke, but the results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis was therefore designed to clarify these controversies.
Systematic searches of electronic databases Embase, PubMed and Web of Science, as well as hand searching of the references of identified articles and the meeting abstracts were performed. Study selection, data abstraction and study quality evaluation (using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, NOS) were independently conducted in duplicate. Statistical analyses were performed using software Review Manager (Version 5.1.2) and Stata (Version 11.0). The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were performed. Fixed or random effects model was separately used depending on the heterogeneity between studies. Publication bias was tested by funnel plot, Egger's regression test and Begg's test. Sensitivity analysis was conducted by limiting the meta-analysis to the high quality studies (NOS score≥8).
A total of 16 studies including 3,807 cases and 4,993 controls were combined showing no evidence of association between FXIII-A Val34Leu polymorphism and ischemic stroke (for Val/Leu vs. Val/Val : OR=0.95, 95%CI=0.77-1.16; for Leu/Leu vs. Val/Val: OR=0.90, 95%CI=0.73-1.11; for dominant model: OR=0.97, 95%CI=0.81-1.17; for recessive model: OR=0.95, 95%CI=0.77-1.17). In the subgroup analyses by study design, ethnicity and specific subtypes (small-vessel occlusive ischemic stroke and large-artery atherosclerotic ischemic stroke ), there was lack of evidence for the association.
This meta-analysis indicates that there is no evidence for association between factor XIII-A Val34Leu polymorphism and ischemic stroke.
AuthorsBinghu Li, Lili Zhang, Yanwei Yin, Yan Pi, Qingwu Yang, Changyue Gao, Chuanqin Fang, Jingzhou Wang, Jingcheng Li
JournalThrombosis research (Thromb Res) Vol. 130 Issue 4 Pg. 654-60 (Oct 2012) ISSN: 1879-2472 [Electronic] United States
PMID22154241 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Meta-Analysis, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
CopyrightCopyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Chemical References
  • Factor XIII
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Ethnic Groups (genetics)
  • Factor XIII (genetics)
  • Humans
  • Odds Ratio
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Stroke (ethnology, genetics)

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