The efficacy and safety of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid 1000/125mg twice daily extended release (XR) tablet for the treatment of bacterial community-acquired pneumonia in adults.

This study was designed to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of pharmacokinetically enhanced amoxicillin/clavulanic acid 2000 mg/125 mg extended release formulation (ER), than conventional formulations against community-acquired respiratory tract pathogens, particularly Streptococcus pneumoniae, with reduced susceptibility to amoxicillin. This is an open labelled, multicentric, prospective, interventional study carried out across India from June 2008 to March 2009. The study included adult patients (>18 years), weighing between 40 to 60 kg with radiologically confirmed community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Primary efficacy parameters were clinical response (fever, cough severity, sputum characteristics and improvement in dyspnoea grades) and laboratory parameters. Secondary efficacy parameters were radiological and bacteriological findings at the end of therapy. A total, 727 clinically and radiologically confirmed community-acquired pneumonia patients were enrolled in this study. Eighteen patients were lost to follow-up during study and 709 completed the study as per the study protocol. There was a significant improvement in clinical as well as laboratory parameters at the end of therapy. There was a significant improvement in fever, cough severity, sputum characteristic and dyspnoea grades from 101.88 +/- 1.55, 2.18 +/- 0.76, 1.75 +/- 0.77 and 1.91 +/- 1.23 to 98.14 +/- 0.87 (p < 0.0001), 0.24 +/- 0.45 (p < 0.0001), 0.14 +/- 0.39 (p < 0.0001) and 0.20 +/- 0.47 (p < 0.0001) respectively. Laboratory parameters such as total WBC count and neutrophil percentage decreased significantly from 15317 +/- 662 and 80 +/- 9 to 9067 +/- 558 (p < 0.0001) and 67 +/- 9 (p < 0.0001) respectively at the end of treatment. Bacteriological success and radiological success for amoxicillin-clavulanate 1,000/62.5 mg at the end of treatment was 94.33% (150 of 159) and 98.7% (700 of 709) respectively. Mild to moderate diarrhoea was reported in 61/709 patients (8.6%). Amoxicillin-clavulanate 1,000/62.5 mg given twice daily for ten days was shown to be clinically effective and safe in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in adult patients. Therapy was well tolerated. [J Indian Med Assoc 2011; 109: 124-7]
AuthorsP P Prabhudesai, Sanjay Jain, Aziz Keshvani, K P Kulkarni
JournalJournal of the Indian Medical Association (J Indian Med Assoc) Vol. 109 Issue 2 Pg. 124-7 (Feb 2011) ISSN: 0019-5847 [Print] India
PMID21888181 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Multicenter Study)
Chemical References
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination
  • Adult
  • Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination (adverse effects, pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents (adverse effects, pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Community-Acquired Infections (drug therapy)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pneumonia (drug therapy)
  • Prospective Studies

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