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Triglyceride kinetics, tissue lipoprotein lipase, and liver lipogenesis in septic rats.

Abstract
The mechanism for the development of hypertriglyceridemia during gram-negative sepsis was studied by examining liver production and clearance of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) triglyceride (TG). To assess liver output and peripheral clearance the kinetics of VLDL-TG were determined by a constant iv infusion of [2-3H]glycerol-labeled VLDL. Clearance of VLDL-TG was also evaluated by measuring activities of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in heart, soleus muscle, and adipose tissue from fasted control, fasted E. coli-treated, fed control, and fed E. coli-treated rats. Lewis inbred rats, 275-300 g, were made septic with 8 x 10(7) live E. coli colonies per 100 g body wt. Twenty-four hours after E. coli injection, serum TG, free fatty acids (FFA), and cholesterol of fasted E. coli-treated rats were elevated by 170, 76, and 16%, respectively. The elevation of serum TG may be attributed to the 67% decrease in clearance rate of VLDL-TG in fasted E. coli-treated rats compared with their fasted controls. The suppressed activities of LPL in adipose tissue, skeletal muscle, and heart were consistent with reduced clearance of TG. Secretion of VLDL-TG declined by 31% in livers of fasted E. coli-treated rats, which was accompanied by a twofold increase in the composition of liver TG. Rates of in vivo TG synthesis in livers of the fasted E. coli-treated rats were twofold higher than in those of fasted control rats. Decreased rate of TG appearance along with the increase in liver synthesis of TG contributed to the elevation of liver lipids in the fasted E. coli-treated rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
AuthorsS Lanza-Jacoby, A Tabares
JournalThe American journal of physiology (Am J Physiol) Vol. 258 Issue 4 Pt 1 Pg. E678-85 (Apr 1990) ISSN: 0002-9513 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID2185649 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Blood Glucose
  • Insulin
  • Lipids
  • Triglycerides
  • Tritium
  • Glucagon
  • Lipoprotein Lipase
Topics
  • Animals
  • Blood Glucose (metabolism)
  • Escherichia coli Infections (metabolism)
  • Fasting
  • Glucagon (blood)
  • Insulin (blood)
  • Kinetics
  • Lipids (biosynthesis)
  • Lipoprotein Lipase (metabolism)
  • Liver (metabolism)
  • Male
  • Radioisotope Dilution Technique
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Lew
  • Reference Values
  • Sepsis (metabolism)
  • Triglycerides (metabolism)
  • Tritium

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