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Inactivation and stability of viral diagnostic reagents treated by gamma radiation.

Abstract
The objective of this study was to apply the pertinent findings from gamma inactivation of virus infectivity to the production of high quality diagnostic reagents. A Gammacell 220 (Atomic Energy of Canada, Ltd., Ottawa, Canada) was used to subject 38 viruses grown in either susceptible tissue cultures or embryonated chicken eggs to various doses of gamma radiation from a cobalt-60 source. The radiation required to reduce viral infectivity was 0.42 to 3.7 megarads (Mrad). The effect of gamma treatment on the antigenic reactivity of reagents for the complement fixation (CF), hemagglutination (HA) and neuraminadase assays was determined. Influenza antigens inactivated with 1.7 Mrad displayed comparable potency, sensitivity, specificity and stability to those inactivated by standard procedures with beta-propiolactone (BPL). Significant inactivation of influenza N1 and B neuraminidase occurred with greater than 2.4 Mrad radiation at temperatures above 4 degrees C. All 38 viruses were inactivated, and CF or HA antigens were prepared successfully. Antigenic potency remained stable with all antigens for 3 years and with 83% after 5 years storage. Influenza HA antigens evaluated after 9 years of storage demonstrated 86% stability. Gamma radiation is safer than chemical inactivation procedures and is reliable and effective replacement for BPL in preparing diagnostic reagents.
AuthorsL A White, C Y Freeman, H E Hall, B D Forrester
JournalBiologicals : journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization (Biologicals) Vol. 18 Issue 4 Pg. 271-80 (Oct 1990) ISSN: 1045-1056 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID2126734 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Antigens, Viral
  • Biological Products
  • Indicators and Reagents
Topics
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Viral (radiation effects)
  • Biological Products (antagonists & inhibitors, radiation effects)
  • Chick Embryo
  • Drug Stability
  • Gamma Rays
  • Humans
  • Indicators and Reagents (radiation effects)
  • Virus Cultivation
  • Virus Diseases (diagnosis)
  • Viruses (radiation effects)

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