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Chinese medicine Nao-Shuan-Tong attenuates cerebral ischemic injury by inhibiting apoptosis in a rat model of stroke.

AbstractETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:
Nao-Shuan-Tong (NST) in capsule form is a compound prescription formulated according to the meridian theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and is approved by the State Food and Drug Administration of China for the treatment of ischemic stroke.
OBJECTIVES:
To test the neuroprotective effects of the Chinese medicine Nao-Shuang-Tong on cerebral ischemia in rats and to explore the underlying mechanisms.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
115 Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: sham, ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), and I/R plus NST 0.25, NST 0.5 and NST 1 (n=23 in each group). Cerebral ischemia was induced by 1.5h of middle cerebral artery occlusion. Cerebral infarct area was measured by tetrazolium staining at 24h following reperfusion, and neurological functional deficits were assessed at 1, 3, 7 and 14 d after reperfusion. Neuronal apoptosis was studied by Nissl staining and DNA fragmentation assay at 1 and 3d after reperfusion. The activation of caspase-3, -8, -9 and Bax/Bcl-2 levels were analyzed by western blot 24h after reperfusion.
RESULTS:
NST (0.5 and 1g/kg) significantly reduced cerebral infarct area, attenuated neurological functional deficits, and reduced neuronal apoptosis in ischemic cortex and in the CA1 region of hippocampus. NST also suppressed overexpression of Bax and activated caspases-3, -8 and -9, and also inhibited the reduction of Bcl-2 expression and markedly depressed the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio.
CONCLUSIONS:
These findings demonstrate that NST is neuroprotective against cerebral ischemia and is likely to act via inhibition of neuronal apoptosis associated with changes in levels of caspases-3 and -8, Bax and Bcl-2.
AuthorsJun Xiang, Yu-Ping Tang, Ping Wu, Jun-Peng Gao, Ding-Fang Cai
JournalJournal of ethnopharmacology (J Ethnopharmacol) Vol. 131 Issue 1 Pg. 174-81 (Aug 19 2010) ISSN: 1872-7573 [Electronic] Ireland
PMID20600767 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article)
Copyright(c) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Chemical References
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal
  • Neuroprotective Agents
Topics
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis (drug effects, physiology)
  • Brain Injuries (pathology, prevention & control)
  • Brain Ischemia (pathology, prevention & control)
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal (pharmacology)
  • Male
  • Neuroprotective Agents (pharmacology)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Stroke (pathology, prevention & control)

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