Somatosensory evoked potentials in epileptic children treated with carbamazepine or valproate in monotherapy - a preliminary study.

Data from the literature suggest that long-term therapy with various antiepileptic drugs can be responsible for the functional disturbances within the nervous system e.g. peripheral neuropathy and encephalopathy. Useful and non-invasive instruments for evaluation of even subclinical nerve conduction abnormalities in somatosensory tracts are somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs). The aim of this study was to assess the potentially drug-induced abnormalities in the SEP parameters in epileptic children, treated chronically in monotherapy with one of the two most often used antiepileptic drugs: valproate (VPA) or carbamazepine (CBZ).
SEP from left median nerve stimulation were recorded in twenty children with idiopathic/cryptogenic epilepsy treated in monotherapy with CBZ (9 patients) or VPA (11 patients). The mean age of the patients was 13.4 ± 2.9 years (range 7-17 years). The plasma concentrations of the drugs were consistently within therapeutic range. The mean duration of treatment was eight months. The control group consisted of twenty-four age-matched children with tension type headache. The latencies of the components: N9, N13, N20, P25 and the peripheral conduction time (PCT) and central conduction time (CCT) were analyzed.
No significant differences in all analyzed SEP parameters between the epileptic and control children were found.
Our results indicate that during the first 8 months from the beginning of antiepileptic treatment in children, monotherapy with VPA or CBZ does not induce nerve conduction disturbances within both the peripheral- and the central part of the somatosensory tracts, detected in SEP examination.
AuthorsK Sendrowski, W Sobaniec, L Boćkowski, W Kułak, J Smigielska-Kuzia
JournalAdvances in medical sciences (Adv Med Sci) Vol. 55 Issue 2 Pg. 212-5 ( 2010) ISSN: 1898-4002 [Electronic] Poland
PMID20513644 (Publication Type: Controlled Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Carbamazepine
  • Valproic Acid
  • Adolescent
  • Anticonvulsants (adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Carbamazepine (adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Child
  • Epilepsy (drug therapy, physiopathology)
  • Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory (drug effects)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Valproic Acid (adverse effects, therapeutic use)

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