Minimally invasive methods for the treatment of lymphocele after kidney transplantation.

One common complication after kidney transplantation is a lymphocele. The aim of our work was an analysis of incidence of lymphocele and the effectiveness of minimal invasive methods in the management of this complication.
The examined group was consisted of 158 patients (68 female and 90 male) with end-stage renal disease who underwent kidney transplantation.
Twenty-one patients (13%) developed symptoms of lymphocele after transplantation procedure within an average time of 34 weeks. The clinical symptoms included a decrease in 24-hour urine collection, an increase in plasma creatinine concentration, abdominal discomfort, lymphorrhea with a surgical wound dehiscence, voiding problems of urgency or vesical tenesmus, febrile states, or symptoms of deep vein thrombosis. The following methods were applied with variable efficacy: aspiration with recurrence 75%; percutaneous drainage with 55%, effectiveness; laparoscopic fenestration with 72% satisfactory outcomes (1 patient presented an excessive bleeding after the procedure), and classic surgery with favorable results.
Percutaneous drainage guided by ultrasonic imaging should be recommended as the first attempt to cure a lymphocele. Laparoscopy is a feasible, safe technique that should be used after unsuccessful percutaneous drainage. A larger series of patients is required to confirm the superiority of minimal invasive methods to the classical approach.
AuthorsI Iwan-Zietek, Z Zietek, T Sulikowski, M Nowacki, L Zair, M Romanowski, M Zukowski, D Rość, M Ostrowski
JournalTransplantation proceedings (Transplant Proc) Vol. 41 Issue 8 Pg. 3073-6 (Oct 2009) ISSN: 1873-2623 [Electronic] United States
PMID19857680 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
  • Cadaver
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Kidney Transplantation (adverse effects)
  • Laparoscopy (methods)
  • Living Donors
  • Lymphocele (epidemiology, surgery)
  • Male
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures (methods)
  • Postoperative Complications (surgery)
  • Time Factors
  • Tissue Donors
  • Treatment Failure

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!

Choose Username:
Verify Password: