Taxane therapy for early stage breast cancer.

Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer of women in developed countries. Systemic adjuvant chemotherapy has dramatically improved the outcome of patients treated for early stage invasive breast cancer. Among novel chemotherapeutic agents, the taxanes have emerged as the most powerful compounds since anthracycline regimens. Two taxanes are available (paclitaxel and docetaxel) and they share some characteristics, while having a number of significant differences, both in terms of preclinical and pharmacokinetic profiles and, most importantly, clinical consequences. In clinical practice, the taxanes are now standard therapy in metastatic breast cancer. Their role as monochemotherapy or in combination with anthracyclines in advanced breast cancer has suggested their potential therapeutic impact in the treatment of patients with early breast cancer. Available results in the adjuvant and neoadjuvant setting demonstrate that taxanes, used in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents or trastuzumab, or in sequential therapy, possess the capability to induce significant improvements, in particular in terms of survival, confirming the positive impact of taxanes on the natural history of breast cancer.
AuthorsJean-Marc Nabholtz, Joseph Gligorov
JournalWomen's health (London, England) (Womens Health (Lond Engl)) Vol. 2 Issue 1 Pg. 99-114 (Jan 2006) ISSN: 1745-5065 [Electronic] England
PMID19803931 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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