A case of porocarcinoma arising in pigmented hidroacanthoma simplex with multiple lymph node, liver and bone metastases.

Porocarcinoma is a rare skin appendage carcinoma that may arise de novo or be associated with pre-existing poroma and hidroacanthoma simplex (HAS). Here, we report a case of porocarcinoma arising in pigmented HAS, which led to death from multiple lymph node, liver and bone metastases. A 72-year-old Japanese man presented with a brown to focal black flat plaque, measuring 17 × 12 mm, on the posterior region of his right thigh. Histopathological study of the tumor revealed that there was intraepidermal proliferation of small-sized basaloid cells, and it exhibited the 'Jadassohn phenomenon', with dendritic melanocytes, and a few ductal structures were observed. Continuing to the intraepidermal nests, the invasive proliferation of large polygonal cells with occasional intracytoplasmic ductal structures was observed. Carcinoembryonic antigen and epithelial membrane antigen were expressed in some carcinoma cells and they highlighted the intracytoplasmic ductal structures. Multiple lymph node, liver and bone metastases were observed, and the patient died 8 months after the initial surgery. Clinical diagnosis of HAS is extremely rare. Porocarcinoma may be associated with pre-existing HAS and sometimes shows aggressive behavior. Therefore, pigmented HAS must be included in the differential diagnosis of brown or black lesions. Ishida M, Hotta M, Kushima R, Okabe H. A case of porocarcinoma arising in pigmented hidroacanthoma simplex with multiple lymph node, liver and bone metastases.
AuthorsMitsuaki Ishida, Machiko Hotta, Ryoji Kushima, Hidetoshi Okabe
JournalJournal of cutaneous pathology (J Cutan Pathol) Vol. 38 Issue 2 Pg. 227-31 (Feb 2011) ISSN: 1600-0560 [Electronic] Denmark
PMID19788447 (Publication Type: Case Reports, Journal Article)
CopyrightCopyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
  • Aged
  • Bone Neoplasms (secondary)
  • Eccrine Porocarcinoma (metabolism, secondary)
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Liver Neoplasms (secondary)
  • Lymphatic Metastasis (pathology)
  • Male
  • Neoplasms, Multiple Primary (metabolism, pathology)
  • Poroma (metabolism, pathology)
  • Sweat Gland Neoplasms (metabolism, pathology)

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