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Stromal endothelin B receptor-deficiency inhibits breast cancer growth and metastasis.

Abstract
The endothelin (ET) axis, often deregulated in cancers, is a promising target for anticancer strategies. Whereas previous investigations have focused mostly on ET action in malignant cells, we chose a model allowing separate assessment of the effects of ETs and their receptors ET(A)R and ET(B)R in the tumor cells and the stromal compartment, which is increasingly recognized as a key player in cancer progression. In homozygous spotting lethal rats (sl/sl), a model of constitutive ET(B)R deficiency, we showed significant reduction of growth and metastasis of MAT B III rat mammary adenocarcinoma cells overexpressing ET(A)R and ET-1 but negative for ET(B)R. Lack of stromal ET(B)R expression did not influence angiogenesis. However, it was correlated with diminished infiltration by tumor-associated macrophages and with reduced production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, both known as powerful promoters of tumor progression. These effects were almost completely abolished in transgenic sl/sl rats, wherein ET(B)R function is restored by expression of an intact ET(B)R transgene. This shows that tumor growth and metastasis are critically dependent on ET(B)R function in cells of the microenvironment and suggests that successful ETR antagonist therapy should also target the stromal component of ET signaling
AuthorsClaudia Binder, Thorsten Hagemann, Swetlana Sperling, Matthias Schulz, Tobias Pukrop, Matthew J Grimshaw, Hannelore Ehrenreich
JournalMolecular cancer therapeutics (Mol Cancer Ther) Vol. 8 Issue 8 Pg. 2452-60 (Aug 2009) ISSN: 1538-8514 [Electronic] United States
PMID19671740 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Receptor, Endothelin B
Topics
  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Female
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental (pathology)
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Rats
  • Rats, Transgenic
  • Receptor, Endothelin B (genetics, metabolism)
  • Stromal Cells (metabolism)

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