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GM1 gangliosidosis and Morquio B disease: expression analysis of missense mutations affecting the catalytic site of acid beta-galactosidase.

Abstract
Alterations in GLB1, the gene coding for acid beta-D-galactosidase (beta-Gal), can result in GM1 gangliosidosis (GM1), a neurodegenerative disorder, or in Morquio B disease (MBD), a phenotype with dysostosis multiplex and normal central nervous system (CNS) function. While most MBD patients carry a common allele, c.817TG>CT (p.W273L), only few of the >100 mutations known in GM1 can be related to a certain phenotype. In 25 multiethnic patients with GM1 or MBD, 11 missense mutations were found as well as one novel insertion and a transversion causing aberrant gene products. Except c.602G>A (p.R201H) and two novel alleles, c.592G>T (p.D198Y) and c.1189C>G (p.P397A), all mutants resulted in significantly reduced beta-Gal activities (<10% of normal) upon expression in COS-1 cells. Although c.997T>C (p.Y333H) expressed 3% of normal activity, the mutant protein was localized in the lysosomal-endosomal compartment. A homozygous case presented with late infantile GM1, while a heterozygous, juvenile case carried p.Y333H together with p.R201H. This allele, recently found in homozygous MBD, gives rise to rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER)-located beta-Gal precursors. Thus, unlike classical MBD, the phenotype of heterozygotes carrying p.R201H may rather be determined by poorly active, properly transported products of the counter allele than by the mislocalized p.R201H precursors.
AuthorsDoris Hofer, Karl Paul, Katrin Fantur, Michael Beck, Friederike Bürger, Catherine Caillaud, Ksenija Fumic, Jana Ledvinova, Agnieszka Lugowska, Helen Michelakakis, Briguita Radeva, Uma Ramaswami, Barbara Plecko, Eduard Paschke
JournalHuman mutation (Hum Mutat) Vol. 30 Issue 8 Pg. 1214-21 (Aug 2009) ISSN: 1098-1004 [Electronic] United States
PMID19472408 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • GLB1 protein, human
  • beta-Galactosidase
Topics
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • COS Cells
  • Catalytic Domain
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Gangliosidosis, GM1 (genetics)
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis IV (genetics)
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Phenotype
  • beta-Galactosidase (chemistry, genetics, metabolism)

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