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Gynecologic malignancies.

Abstract
The combination of cisplatin and cyclophosphamide remains the preferred regimen for the primary treatment of advanced stage epithelial ovarian cancer. Maximal dose intensity, particularly that of cisplatin, is generally accepted as critical for optimal results, but the concept has not yet been rigorously validated by prospective, randomized trials. Since higher doses of cisplatin are associated with renal and neurologic toxicity, the accumulating evidence of equivalent response rates with the less toxic platinum analogue, carboplatin, is encouraging. Salvage chemotherapy remains unsatisfactory, although the remarkable responses observed this year in heavily pre-treated and platinum-resistant patients with the novel new agent taxol is promising. Further trials with this unique drug in combination with other agents in previously untreated patients, as well as in salvage settings, is eagerly anticipated. Although experience with intraperitoneal therapy is rapidly accumulating, the precise role for this route of delivery has yet to be demonstrated in prospective trials. The management of early stage ovarian cancer has become increasingly clarified. Several trials have now demonstrated that a subgroup of patients at low risk for recurrence do well with surgery alone, while a high-risk subgroup clearly benefits from adjuvant therapy. The identification of optimal regimens awaits further trials. In cervical carcinoma, trials utilizing a variety of radiation-sensitizing agents have failed to demonstrate superiority over that of hydroxyurea, which has been shown to improve survival in advanced disease. Preliminary experience with neo-adjuvant regimens administered prior to surgery or radiation therapy is promising, but survival advantages utilizing this approach have yet to be demonstrated. In endometrial cancer, cisplatin was shown to achieve response rates similar to those attainable with single agent doxorubicin, and in uterine mixed mesodermal tumors, ifosfamide was found to have significant activity.
AuthorsJ D Nash, R C Young
JournalCancer chemotherapy and biological response modifiers (Cancer Chemother Biol Response Modif) Vol. 12 Pg. 549-69 ( 1991) ISSN: 0921-4410 [Print] NETHERLANDS
PMID1931455 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • Antineoplastic Agents
Topics
  • Antineoplastic Agents (therapeutic use)
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Endometrial Neoplasms (drug therapy, therapy)
  • Female
  • Genital Neoplasms, Female (drug therapy, therapy)
  • Humans
  • Ovarian Neoplasms (drug therapy, therapy)
  • Salvage Therapy
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms (drug therapy, therapy)

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