Antagonists of the human A(2A) adenosine receptor. 4. Design, synthesis, and preclinical evaluation of 7-aryltriazolo[4,5-d]pyrimidines.

Antagonism of the human A(2A) receptor has been implicated as a point of therapeutic intervention in the alleviation of the symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease. This is thought to occur, at least in part, by increasing the sensitivity of the dopaminergic neurons to the residual, depleted levels of striatal dopamine. We herein describe a novel series of functionalized triazolo[4,5-d]pyrimidine derivatives that display functional antagonism of the A(2A) receptor. Optimization of these compounds has resulted in improvements in potency, selectivity, and the pharmacokinetic properties of key derivatives. These efforts have led to the discovery of 60 (V2006/BIIB014), which demonstrates strong oral activity in commonly used models of Parkinson's disease. Furthermore, this derivative has shown excellent preclinical pharmacokinetics and has successfully completed phase I clinical studies. This compound is presently undergoing further clinical evaluation in collaboration with Biogen Idec.
AuthorsRoger J Gillespie, Samantha J Bamford, Ruth Botting, Mike Comer, Sarah Denny, Suneel Gaur, Michael Griffin, Allan M Jordan, Anthony R Knight, Joanne Lerpiniere, Stefania Leonardi, Sean Lightowler, Steven McAteer, Angela Merrett, Anil Misra, Antony Padfield, Mark Reece, Mona Saadi, Daniel L Selwood, Gemma C Stratton, Dominic Surry, Richard Todd, Xin Tong, Vicki Ruston, Rebecca Upton, Scott M Weiss
JournalJournal of medicinal chemistry (J Med Chem) Vol. 52 Issue 1 Pg. 33-47 (Jan 8 2009) ISSN: 1520-4804 [Electronic] United States
PMID19072055 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Adenosine A2 Receptor Antagonists
  • Amines
  • Azoles
  • Pyrimidines
  • Receptor, Adenosine A2A
  • Haloperidol
  • pyrimidine
  • Adenosine A2 Receptor Antagonists
  • Amines (chemistry)
  • Animals
  • Azoles (chemical synthesis, chemistry, pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Drug Design
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical
  • Gait Disorders, Neurologic (chemically induced, drug therapy)
  • Haloperidol (pharmacology)
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Molecular Structure
  • Pyrimidines (chemical synthesis, chemistry, pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Rats
  • Receptor, Adenosine A2A (classification, metabolism)
  • Structure-Activity Relationship

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!

Choose Username:
Verify Password: