Avascular necrosis of the femoral head following intramedullary nailing of the femur in a skeletally mature young adult: a case report.

Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head is a well-documented complication of intramedullary nailing (IMN) of femoral shaft fractures in adolescents and children (age range, 10 years to 13 years 10 months). In adults, AVN after IMN has been reported in association with femoral neck fractures, intra-articular hip injuries, steroid use, and various other medical conditions. With those factors set aside, the literature includes only 1 case of AVN after IMN in an adult. Now we report the case of a previously healthy, skeletally mature young adult male who, at age 16 years 0 month, was treated with IMN after a traumatic femoral shaft fracture and subsequently developed AVN of the femoral head.
AuthorsRichard M Graves, Kenneth C Sands
JournalAmerican journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.) (Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ)) Vol. 37 Issue 6 Pg. 319-22 (Jun 2008) ISSN: 1934-3418 [Electronic] United States
PMID18716697 (Publication Type: Case Reports, Journal Article)
  • Adult
  • Bone Nails
  • Femoral Fractures (diagnostic imaging, surgery)
  • Femur Head Necrosis (etiology)
  • Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary (adverse effects)
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Radiography

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