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Pattern of expression of immune-relevant genes in the gonad of a teleost, the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.).

Abstract
Immune responses in the testis are regulated in a way that provides protection for the developing male germ cells, while permitting qualitatively normal inflammatory responses and protection against infection. In addition, germ cells are potent targets for the growth factors and cytokines which regulate the reproductive process. Our study analyzes for the first time the pattern of expression of several immune-relevant genes in the gonad of a seasonal breeding teleost fish. The immune molecules analyzed include (i) inflammatory molecules, such as interleukin-1b (il1b), il6, tumor necrosis factor-a (tnfa), cyclooxygenase-2 (cox2) and the NADPH oxidase subunit p40(phox) (ncf4 gene); (ii) the anti-inflammatory cytokine transforming growth factor-b1 (tgfb1) and its type 2 receptor tgfbr2; (iii) innate immune receptors, including toll-like receptor 9 (tlr9), tlr5, tlr22 and macrophage-colony stimulating factor receptor (mcsfr); (iv) lymphocyte receptors, such as the beta subunit of T-cell receptor (Tcrb) and the heavy chain of immunoglobulin M (ighm); (v) the anti-bacterial molecules lysozyme (lyz), hepcidin (hamp) and complement component 3 (c3); (vi) the anti-viral molecule myxovirus (influenza) resistance protein (mx); and (vii) molecules related to leukocyte infiltration, including the CC chemokine ccl4, the CXC chemokine il8 and the leukocyte adhesion molecule E-selectin (Sele). Notably, all of them show a pattern of expression that depends on the reproductive stage of the first two reproductive cycles when the fish develop and function as males. Furthermore, we demonstrate that some of these immune-relevant molecules, such as Il1b and Mcsfr, are produced by germ cells (Il1b) and ovarian and testicular somatic cells (Mcsfr). These data suggest that, as occurs in mammals, there is a critical balance between immune molecules and that these may play an essential role in the orchestration of gametogenesis and the maintenance of gonad tissue homeostasis in fish.
AuthorsE Chaves-Pozo, S Liarte, L Fernández-Alacid, E Abellán, J Meseguer, V Mulero, A García-Ayala
JournalMolecular immunology (Mol Immunol) Vol. 45 Issue 10 Pg. 2998-3011 (May 2008) ISSN: 0161-5890 [Print] England
PMID18325594 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Antiviral Agents
  • Cytokines
  • Enzymes
  • Inflammation Mediators
  • Receptors, Cytokine
  • Aromatase
Topics
  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents (immunology)
  • Antiviral Agents (immunology)
  • Aromatase (genetics, metabolism)
  • Cytokines (genetics, immunology)
  • Cytoplasm (immunology)
  • Enzymes (genetics, metabolism)
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Gonads (cytology, immunology, metabolism)
  • Immunity
  • Inflammation Mediators (immunology)
  • Leukocytes (immunology)
  • Male
  • Oogonia (cytology, immunology)
  • Receptors, Cytokine (genetics, immunology)
  • Sea Bream (genetics, immunology)
  • Seasons
  • Sertoli Cells (cytology, immunology)
  • Spermatocytes (cytology, immunology)
  • Spermatogonia (cytology, immunology)

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