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Increased expression of lipid biosynthesis genes in peripheral blood cells of olanzapine-treated patients.

Abstract
Recent in-vitro studies show that antipsychotic drugs increase lipid biosynthesis through changes in gene expression. Based on these finding we compared the expression of two central lipid biosynthesis genes, fatty acid synthase (FASN) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), in whole blood of olanzapine-treated and unmedicated patients. Patients with psychotic disorders were consecutively selected from an ongoing, naturalistic study, and divided into two groups according to the following criteria: (1) strict monotherapy with olanzapine (n=19) or (2) no current medication (n=19). The groups were matched on gender, race and body mass index. Blood lipid levels were examined, and gene expression in whole blood was assessed with quantitative real-time PCR. Expression of FASN (p=0.003) and SCD (p=0.002) was significantly up-regulated in olanzapine-treated compared to unmedicated patients. Transcriptional activation of lipid biosynthesis genes in peripheral blood cells of olanzapine-treated patients suggests a direct lipogenic action of antipsychotic drugs, which may be related to metabolic adverse effects.
AuthorsAudun O Vik-Mo, Astrid B Birkenaes, Johan Fernø, Halldora Jonsdottir, Ole A Andreassen, Vidar M Steen
JournalThe international journal of neuropsychopharmacology / official scientific journal of the Collegium Internationale Neuropsychopharmacologicum (CINP) (Int J Neuropsychopharmacol) Vol. 11 Issue 5 Pg. 679-84 (Aug 2008) ISSN: 1461-1457 [Print] England
PMID18241359 (Publication Type: Controlled Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Benzodiazepines
  • olanzapine
  • Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase
  • Fatty Acid Synthases
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antipsychotic Agents (pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Benzodiazepines (pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Blood Cells (drug effects)
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Fatty Acid Synthases (genetics, metabolism)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Schizophrenia (drug therapy, pathology)
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase (genetics, metabolism)
  • Up-Regulation (drug effects)

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