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Hemodynamic effects of Ro 23-6152 in patients with essential hypertension.

Abstract
In a double blind study 8 patients with uncomplicated essential hypertension received in random order single oral doses of placebo and 10, 30 and 80 mg Ro 23-6152, a novel calcium entry blocker, on 4 different days. Patients were assessed 15 min before dosing and at several time intervals over the following 6 h. Ro 23-6152 30 and 80 mg induced a significant decrease (mean maximum 7 mmHg.1-1.min-1) in total peripheral resistance, while cardiac output, stroke volume and heart rate were slightly increased (mean maximum 0.51.min-1, 10 ml, 5 beats.min-1, respectively) but not significantly so. Systolic blood pressure decreased significantly (5 to 10 mmHg) from 0.5 to 6 h after the 80 mg dose. After the 10 and 30 mg doses the decreases in systolic pressure were not significant. Diastolic blood pressure and mean arterial blood pressure were non-significantly decreased (mean maximum 7 mmHg) after all doses. The PQ interval was also non-significantly increased by no more than 20 ms. It appears that the main hemodynamic effect of Ro 23-6152 in hypertensive patients is a decrease in peripheral resistance. The antihypertensive effect, at least in this short term study, was only modest, probably because the fall in peripheral resistance was partly compensated by an increase in cardiac output.
AuthorsH B Folkers, J C van Zwienen, P Boer, C H Kleinbloesem, G G Geyskes
JournalEuropean journal of clinical pharmacology (Eur J Clin Pharmacol) Vol. 41 Issue 4 Pg. 307-11 ( 1991) ISSN: 0031-6970 [Print] GERMANY
PMID1804644 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial)
Chemical References
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • RO 23-6152
  • Diltiazem
Topics
  • Adult
  • Antihypertensive Agents (administration & dosage, pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Blood Pressure (drug effects)
  • Cardiac Output (drug effects)
  • Diltiazem (administration & dosage, analogs & derivatives, pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Electrocardiography (drug effects)
  • Female
  • Heart Rate (drug effects)
  • Hemodynamics (drug effects)
  • Humans
  • Hypertension (drug therapy, physiopathology)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Stroke Volume (drug effects)
  • Vascular Resistance (drug effects)

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