The Kidney: An important target for HIV infection.

HIV-infected patients may present with a variety of patterns of renal involvement. Acute renal failure is common and most often a result of sepsis, hypotension and nephrotoxic agents. It is potentially avoidable, and support through the period of renal failure may lead to resolution of the renal dysfunction. HIV-associated nephropathy is a unique pattern of sclerosing glomerulopathy that ranges in prevalence form 1 to 10 per cent of the HIV infected population in different geographic locales. This complication of HIV infection will likely present a growing challenge to the medical community as HIV infection continues to spread worldwide. Deciphering the pathogenitic mechanisms of this most rapidly progressive form of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis is not only clinically relevant, but will hopefully provide valuable insights into the medication of the more common idiopathic form of the disease. The potential for improved renal survival of patients with HIV-associated nephropathy ahs become more realistic with the development and the use of antiretroviral agents, as well as studies on the role of immunosuppression and Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibition in this population.
AuthorsS O Mc'ligeyo
JournalAfrican journal of health sciences (Afr J Health Sci) Vol. 5 Issue 1-2 Pg. 63-6 ( 1998) ISSN: 1022-9272 [Print] Kenya
PMID17580996 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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