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A randomized, multicenter study comparing the safety and efficacy of sodium phosphate tablets with 2L polyethylene glycol solution plus bisacodyl tablets for colon cleansing.

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
The safety and efficacy of NaP tablets have not been compared with 2L PEG lavage solution. A multicenter, investigator-blinded study was conducted to compare the colon-cleansing efficacy of a new NaP tablet formulation with that of 2L PEG solution plus bisacodyl tablets in adults undergoing colonoscopy.
METHODS:
A total of 481 patients were randomized to receive either 32 tablets (48 g) of NaP or 2L PEG solution plus 4 (20 mg) bisacodyl tablets. Quality of colon cleansing was assessed using a 4-point scale (1 = excellent, 2 = good, 3 = fair, and 4 = inadequate), and the primary efficacy end point was mean overall colon-cleansing score. Safety assessments included recording of adverse events and changes in biochemical tests and vital signs.
RESULTS:
A total of 411 patients were included in the efficacy analysis. The mean overall and ascending colon-cleansing scores for NaP tablets were significantly better than PEG plus bisacodyl (overall 1.5 vs 1.8, ascending 1.4 vs 1.8, P < 0.0001 for both). Patients treated with NaP tablets experienced significantly fewer adverse events (66%vs 82%, P= 0.0003) and gastrointestinal symptoms (64%vs 79%, P= 0.0001) compared with patients receiving PEG plus bisacodyl. Patients receiving NaP tablets were significantly less likely to experience abdominal distention, abdominal pain, and vomiting than patients receiving PEG plus bisacodyl (P < 0.0012). Transient fluctuations in laboratory parameters were observed in both treatment groups; however, the fluctuations were more common and of greater magnitude in the NaP group particularly in phosphorous, sodium, and potassium.
CONCLUSION:
The colon-cleansing efficacy of the new 32-tablet NaP dosing regimen in this study was found to be significantly better than the 2L PEG solution plus bisacodyl tablets regimen. The 32-tablet NaP dosing regimen was associated with fewer adverse events. As expected electrolyte shifts were more common and of greater magnitude in the NaP group compared with the PEG plus bisacodyl group; however, both treatment groups demonstrated significant changes in electrolytes and creatinine.
AuthorsJohn F Johanson, John W Popp Jr, Lawrence B Cohen, Sandra R Lottes, William P Forbes, Kelli Walker, Edwin Carter, Bing Zhang, Martin Rose
JournalThe American journal of gastroenterology (Am J Gastroenterol) Vol. 102 Issue 10 Pg. 2238-46 (Oct 2007) ISSN: 0002-9270 [Print] United States
PMID17573796 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Phase III, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Multicenter Study, Randomized Controlled Trial)
Chemical References
  • Cathartics
  • Phosphates
  • Surface-Active Agents
  • Tablets
  • Bisacodyl
  • Polyethylene Glycols
  • sodium phosphate
Topics
  • Administration, Oral
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bisacodyl (administration & dosage)
  • Cathartics (administration & dosage)
  • Colonoscopy
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phosphates (administration & dosage)
  • Polyethylene Glycols (administration & dosage)
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Surface-Active Agents (administration & dosage)
  • Tablets
  • Treatment Outcome

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