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Effects of ipriflavone on caged layer bone metabolism in vitro and in vivo.

Abstract
The effects of ipriflavone on caged layer bone metabolism were examined in vitro and in vivo. Ipriflavone at 10(-8) M stimulated the activity of osteoblasts cultured from embryonic chick calvariae, and 10(-9) to 10(-7) M inhibited osteoclasts from chick tibias and humeri. Ipriflavone concentrations of 10(-4) and 10(-5) M inhibited osteoblast activity. These results suggest that ipriflavone influences bone metabolism by regulating the functional balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Based on these in vitro experiments, in vivo studies were conducted to further clarify the effects of ipriflavone. Five hundred 58-wk-old ISA caged layers were divided into 5 groups that were fed diets containing 0, 15, 25, 50, and 100 ppm of ipriflavone. The experiment lasted 70 d. Egg production increased in hens fed 25 ppm and decreased in hens fed 50 and 100 ppm when compared with the controls and hens fed 15 ppm (P < 0.05). Egg weight, shell quality, BW, and serum P, Ca, estrogen, and bone mineral content were not affected by inclusion of ipriflavone in the diet. Hens consuming 25 ppm of ipriflavone had greater serum alkaline phosphatase and bone gla-protein levels than controls. Adding 25 ppm of ipriflavone to the feed appears to be close to an ideal level for clinical treatment of osteoporosis because of improved egg production while maintaining bone mineral content.
AuthorsJ Yao, J Zhang, J-F Hou
JournalPoultry science (Poult Sci) Vol. 86 Issue 3 Pg. 503-7 (Mar 2007) ISSN: 0032-5791 [Print] United States
PMID17297162 (Publication Type: Controlled Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Bone Density Conservation Agents
  • Isoflavones
  • ipriflavone
Topics
  • Animal Husbandry
  • Animals
  • Bone Density (drug effects)
  • Bone Density Conservation Agents (pharmacology)
  • Bone and Bones (drug effects, metabolism)
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chickens (metabolism)
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Female
  • Isoflavones (pharmacology)
  • Osteoblasts (drug effects)
  • Oviposition

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