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Elevated serum 8-oxo-dG in hemodialysis patients: a marker of systemic inflammation?

Abstract
Does inflammation, as assessed by high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) tightly associate with increased serum levels of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8- oxo-dG)? Increased oxidative stress and inflammation have both been highlighted among several nontraditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which is the main cause of mortality in ESRD patients. In contrast to oxidative stress effects on proteins and lipids, DNA base damage has not been well demonstrated in ESRD. Two groups of hemodialysis patients were studied, one group with persistent inflammation (n = 13, with constant elevation of CRP > 10 mg/L for 6 months) and one group of noninflamed patients (n = 19, with constant CRP < 10 mg/L for 6 months). Serum 8-oxo-dG was significantly elevated in persistent inflammation in comparison to noninflamed patients. At an individual level, a significant correlation was found between serum 8-oxo-dG and hsCRP. Extracellular 8-oxo-dG leads to intracellular oxidative damage on the nucleotide pool, thus providing a sensitive marker for inflammatory response. Serum levels of 8-oxo-dG, in combination with other inflammatory markers, serve as useful diagnostic tools for identification of patients in risk for inflammatory complications.
AuthorsSiamak Haghdoost, Yukio Maruyama, Roberto Pecoits-Filho, Olof Heimburger, Astrid Seeberger, Björn Anderstam, Mohamed E Suliman, Stefan Czene, Bengt Lindholm, Peter Stenvinkel, Mats Harms-Ringdahl
JournalAntioxidants & redox signaling (Antioxid Redox Signal) 2006 Nov-Dec Vol. 8 Issue 11-12 Pg. 2169-73 ISSN: 1523-0864 [Print] United States
PMID17034359 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Biomarkers
  • Nucleotides
  • 8-oxo-7-hydrodeoxyguanosine
  • C-Reactive Protein
  • DNA
  • Deoxyguanosine
Topics
  • Biomarkers (blood)
  • C-Reactive Protein (analysis)
  • DNA (immunology)
  • Deoxyguanosine (analogs & derivatives, blood)
  • Humans
  • Inflammation (blood, complications, diagnosis)
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic (blood, complications, immunology)
  • Nucleotides (immunology)
  • Oxidative Stress (immunology)
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Renal Dialysis

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