A novel approach for developing resistance in rice against phloem limited viruses by antagonizing the phloem feeding hemipteran vectors.

Rice production is known to be severely affected by virus transmitting rice pests, brown planthopper (BPH) and green leafhopper (GLH) of the order hemiptera, feeding by phloem abstraction. ASAL, a novel lectin from leaves of garlic (Allium sativum) was previously demonstrated to be toxic towards hemipteran pests when administered in artificial diet as well as in ASAL expressing transgenic plants. In this report ASAL was targeted under the control of phloem-specific Agrobacterium rolC and rice sucrose synthase-1 (RSs1) promoters at the insect feeding site into popular rice cultivar, susceptible to hemipteran pests. PCR, Southern blot and C-PRINS analyses of transgenic plants have confirmed stable T-DNA integration and the transgenes were co-segregated among self-fertilized progenies. The T(0) and T(1) plants, harbouring single copy of intact T-DNA expression cassette, exhibit stable expression of ASAL in northern and western blot analyses. ELISA showed that the level of expressed ASAL was as high as 1.01% of total soluble protein. Immunohistofluorescence localization of ASAL depicted the expected expression patterns regulated by each promoter type. In-planta bioassay studies revealed that transgenic ASAL adversely affect survival, growth and population of BPH and GLH. GLH resistant T(1) plants were further evaluated for the incidence of tungro disease, caused by co-infection of GLH vectored Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) and Rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV), which appeared to be dramatically reduced. The result presented here is the first report of such GLH mediated resistance to infection by RTBV/RTSV in ASAL expressing transgenic rice plant.
AuthorsPrasenjit Saha, Indranil Dasgupta, Sampa Das
JournalPlant molecular biology (Plant Mol Biol) Vol. 62 Issue 4-5 Pg. 735-52 (Nov 2006) ISSN: 0167-4412 [Print] Netherlands
PMID16941213 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • DNA Primers
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Western
  • DNA Primers
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Hemiptera (physiology)
  • Oryza (virology)
  • Phloem (parasitology)
  • Plants, Genetically Modified
  • Plasmids
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction

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