Spindle checkpoint protein Bub1 corrects mitotic aberrancy induced by human T-cell leukemia virus type I Tax.

Bub1 is a component of the mitotic spindle checkpoint apparatus. Abnormality of this apparatus is known to cause multinuclei formation, a hallmark of chromosomal instability (CIN). A549, aneuploid cell line, aberrantly passed through the mitotic phase and became multinuclei morphology in the presence of nocodazole. Time-lapse videomicroscopy showed unreported bizarre morphology, which we named 'mitotic lobulation' in A549 cells just before the exit from mitosis and multinuclei formation. External expression of wild-type Bub1-EGFP clearly suppressed the multinuclei formation by retaining A549 cells at the mitotic phase during 48 h of time-lapse observation. This suppressive effect on mitotic aberrancy should not be mere restoration of normal Bub1 function, because A549 cells express proper amount of Bub1, which distributed cytoplasm during interphase and concentrated at kinetochore in metaphase. Furthermore, external expression of wild-type Bub1-EGFP suppressed multinuclei formation induced by Tax both in A549 and HeLa cells. Tax is known to induce mitotic abnormality by binding and inactivating Mad1. These observations, therefore, suggest functional redundancy between Bub1 and other mitotic checkpoint protein(s) and a possibility of correction of mitotic aberrancy by external Bub1 expression.
AuthorsM Sasaki, K Sugimoto, K Tamayose, M Ando, Y Tanaka, K Oshimi
JournalOncogene (Oncogene) Vol. 25 Issue 26 Pg. 3621-7 (Jun 22 2006) ISSN: 0950-9232 [Print] England
PMID16449967 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • mad1 protein, S pombe
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Protein Kinases
  • BUB1 protein, human
  • Bub1 spindle checkpoint protein
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Nocodazole
  • Cell Cycle Proteins (genetics, metabolism)
  • Cell Nucleus (genetics)
  • Cytoplasm (genetics, metabolism)
  • Genes, pX (genetics)
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins (genetics, metabolism)
  • HeLa Cells
  • Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (genetics, pathogenicity)
  • Humans
  • Kinetochores (metabolism)
  • Microscopy, Video (methods)
  • Mitosis (genetics)
  • Nocodazole (pharmacology)
  • Nuclear Proteins (genetics, metabolism)
  • Protein Kinases (genetics, metabolism)
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins (genetics, metabolism)
  • Spindle Apparatus (drug effects, genetics)
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

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