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Enzyme immunoassay for detection of immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA antibodies against type 6B pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide and cell wall C polysaccharide in chinchilla serum.

Abstract
Conjugation of the capsular polysaccharides of Streptococcus pneumoniae to protein carriers has introduced a new generation of pneumococcal vaccines which may be efficacious in preventing pneumococcal otitis media during infancy. The chinchilla model has been used extensively for studying the pathogenesis of pneumococcal otitis media and for testing the efficacy of early pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide (PCP) vaccines, but immunologic studies in the chinchilla have been limited by the lack of antibodies against specific immunoglobulin isotypes. By using affinity-purified rabbit immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-chinchilla IgG, IgM, and IgA, we developed a sensitive enzyme immunoassay that is highly specific for IgG, IgM, and IgA antibodies against type 6B PCP (anti-6B) and against C polysaccharide in chinchilla serum. Antibody titers increased in serum from five chinchillas immunized with a type 6B outer membrane protein complex vaccine. Increases of anti-6B IgG and IgM antibody titers were more striking than increases of anti-6B IgA or anti-C polysaccharide IgG, IgM, or IgA titers were.
AuthorsM Koskela, M Harris, G S Giebink
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology (J Clin Microbiol) Vol. 30 Issue 6 Pg. 1485-90 (Jun 1992) ISSN: 0095-1137 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1624568 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Immunoglobulin A
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin Isotypes
  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Polysaccharides, Bacterial
Topics
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Bacterial (blood)
  • Bacterial Capsules (immunology)
  • Cell Wall (immunology)
  • Chinchilla
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Immunoglobulin A (blood)
  • Immunoglobulin G (blood)
  • Immunoglobulin Isotypes (blood)
  • Immunoglobulin M (blood)
  • Polysaccharides, Bacterial (immunology)
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae (immunology)

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