Functional analysis of cross-reactive immunoglobulin E antibodies: peanut-specific immunoglobulin E sensitizes basophils to tree nut allergens.

Peanut and tree nuts are a major cause of food-induced anaphylaxis with an appreciable mortality. Co-sensitization to peanuts and tree nuts is a common clinical observation and may be because of peanut-specific serum IgE antibodies that cross-react with tree nut allergens. It is, however, unclear whether these cross-reactive IgE antibodies are involved in effector-cell activation.
To determine if cross-reactivity of peanut-specific IgE antibodies with tree nuts can cause effector cell activation using an in vitro basophil activation assay.
Two peanut allergic subjects with positive specific IgE for peanut and tree nuts (as measured by CAP-FEIA) were studied. Basophil activation to peanut and tree nuts, as indicated by CD63 expression, was assessed by flow cytometry to confirm co-sensitization to peanut and tree nuts. Inhibition ELISA using sera from the subjects was performed to detect peanut-specific IgE antibodies that cross-reacted with tree nut proteins. To determine whether cross-reactive tree nut allergens can induce effector-cell activation, peanut-specific antibodies were affinity purified from the subject sera and used to resensitize non-peanut/tree nut allergic donor basophils stripped of surface IgE. Basophil activation was then measured following stimulation with peanut and tree nut extracts.
The two peanut allergic subjects in this study showed positive basophil activation to the peanut and tree nut extracts. Inhibition ELISA demonstrated that pre-incubation of the peanut allergic subject sera with almond, Brazil nut and hazelnut extracts inhibited IgE binding to peanut extract. IgE-stripped basophils from non-peanut/tree nut allergic subjects resensitized with affinity-purified peanut-specific antibodies from the peanut allergic subject sera became activated following stimulation with peanut, almond and Brazil nut extracts, demonstrating biological activity of cross-reactive IgE antibodies.
Peanut-specific IgE antibodies that cross-react with tree nut allergens can cause effector-cell activation and may contribute to the manifestation of tree nut allergy in peanut allergic subjects.
AuthorsM P de Leon, A C Drew, I N Glaspole, C Suphioglu, J M Rolland, R E O'Hehir
JournalClinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology (Clin Exp Allergy) Vol. 35 Issue 8 Pg. 1056-64 (Aug 2005) ISSN: 0954-7894 [Print] England
PMID16120088 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Allergens
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Allergens (immunology)
  • Antibody Specificity (immunology)
  • Arachis (immunology)
  • Basophils (immunology)
  • Bertholletia (immunology)
  • Corylus (immunology)
  • Cross Reactions (immunology)
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (methods)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immune Tolerance (immunology)
  • Immunity, Cellular (immunology)
  • Immunoglobulin E (immunology)
  • Middle Aged
  • Nuts (immunology)
  • Peanut Hypersensitivity (immunology)
  • Prunus (immunology)

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