Ramelteon (TAK-375) accelerates reentrainment of circadian rhythm after a phase advance of the light-dark cycle in rats.

In vivo pharmacological effects of ramelteon (TAK-375), a novel, highly MT1/MT2-selective receptor agonist, were studied in rats to determine ramelteon's ability to reentrain the circadian rhythm after an abrupt phase advance. Experiments were also conducted to assess the potential cognitive side effects of ramelteon and its potential to become a drug of abuse. After an abrupt 8-h phase shift, ramelteon (0.1 and 1 mg/kg, p.o.) and melatonin (10 mg/kg, p.o.) accelerated reentrainment of running wheel activity rhythm to the new lightdark cycle. Ramelteon (3-30 mg/kg, p.o.) and melatonin (10-100 mg/kg, p.o.) did not affect learning or memory in rats tested by the water maze task and the delayed match to position task, although diazepam and triazolam impaired both of the tasks. Neither ramelteon (3-30 mg/kg, p.o.) nor melatonin (10-100 mg/kg, p.o.) demonstrated a rewarding property in the conditioned place-preference test, implying that MT1/MT2 receptor agonists have no abuse potential. In contrast, benzodiazepines and morphine showed rewarding properties in this test. The authors' results suggest that ramelteon may be useful for treatment of circadian rhythm sleep disorders without adverse effects typically associated with benzodiazepine use, such as learning and memory impairment, and drug dependence.
AuthorsKeisuke Hirai, Muneto Kita, Hiroyuki Ohta, Hisao Nishikawa, Yuu Fujiwara, Shigenori Ohkawa, Masaomi Miyamoto
JournalJournal of biological rhythms (J Biol Rhythms) Vol. 20 Issue 1 Pg. 27-37 (Feb 2005) ISSN: 0748-7304 [Print] United States
PMID15654068 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Indenes
  • ramelteon
  • Animals
  • Circadian Rhythm (drug effects)
  • Darkness
  • Indenes (pharmacology)
  • Light
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344
  • Rats, Wistar

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