[Experimental study on enzyme dot assay for detection of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome antigen].

To establish a new and efficient method(IEDA) for detection of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome virus (HFRSV) antigen.
An immune enzyme dot assay (IEDA) with mixture of three sorts anti-HFRSV-IgG, which was obtained from rabbit vaccinated with EHFV R22, Chen and Hubei strain was employed to detect HFRSV antigen in serum and urine from epidemic hemorrhagic fever (EHF) patients, and compared with indirect immune fluorescence assay (I-IFA), 76 serum samples and 40 urine samples were detected in this study.
The results showed that the total positive rate of HFRSV antigen detected by IEDA was 73.68% in serum and 65.00% in urine, while that detected by I-IFA was 75.00% and 70.00%, respectively. The positive rate in primary phase (within 5 days) of HFRSV antigen detected by IEDA was 94.34% in serum and 83.33% in urine, while that detected by I-IFA was 64.42% and 55.56%, respectively, there was significant difference in both serum and urine detections. Correlation study showed a high correlation in the result of IEDA and I-IFA.
The results of this study suggested that the IEDA, as compared with I-IFA, was a more specific, sensitive, rapid and simple method with higher positive rate in primary phase. IEDA could be widely used for early diagnosis of HFRS in hospital at grassroots level.
AuthorsJian-ao Zhang, Duan-de Luo, Ling-lan Zeng, Shu-li Li
JournalZhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology (Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi) Vol. 18 Issue 1 Pg. 88-90 (Mar 2004) ISSN: 1003-9279 [Print] China
PMID15340537 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Antigens, Viral
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Viral (immunology)
  • Antigens, Viral (analysis)
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Female
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect
  • Hantaan virus (immunology)
  • Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (diagnosis, immunology)
  • Humans
  • Immunoblotting (methods)
  • Immunoglobulin G (immunology)
  • Male
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Sensitivity and Specificity

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