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The role of the immunologist in sinus disease.

Abstract
The clinical immunologist is playing an increasingly important role in the evaluation and management of sinus disease. Although most patients with sinus disease are not immunodeficient, a significant proportion of patients with chronic sinusitis unresponsive to medical and/or surgical therapy may have an immunodeficiency. Most immunodeficient patients for whom sinusitis is a major clinical problem tend to be those with humoral immunodeficiency diseases. The role of immunoglobulin replacement therapy is well established for patients with global immunoglobulin and antibody deficiencies (e.g., X-linked agammaglobulinemia and common variable immunodeficiency) and may be helpful in controlling refractory sinusitis in patients with more selective immunoglobulin deficiencies (e.g., IgG subclass deficiency and selective antibody deficiencies), but efficacy in these conditions remains to be established by controlled studies. Many immunodeficient patients have a history of repeated sinus surgery before the recognition of their immune defect. Even in immunodeficient patients treated with antibiotics and immunoglobulin replacement therapy, functional endoscopic sinus surgery is successful in only half of the patients.
AuthorsS H Polmar
JournalThe Journal of allergy and clinical immunology (J Allergy Clin Immunol) Vol. 90 Issue 3 Pt 2 Pg. 511-4; discussion 514-5 (Sep 1992) ISSN: 0091-6749 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1527342 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Topics
  • Agammaglobulinemia (immunology)
  • Allergy and Immunology
  • Humans
  • IgA Deficiency
  • IgG Deficiency
  • Immunization, Passive
  • Sinusitis (immunology, therapy)

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