[IKOP-Infection control in the operating theatreConsensus on the theme "Barrier measures during operations and invasive procedures"].

Postoperative surgical site infections remain frequent despite intensive control programs. With rising numbers of operations and invasive procedures in the outpatient setting and in immunocompromised patients, the prevention of wound infections presents a rapidly growing challenge to the medical community. Barrier measures including drapes and surgical gowns to prevent wound contamination, have clearly reduced the rate of wound infections. The optimal material characteristics for operating gowns and drapes are well defined, but there is still a long running controversy on the use of single-use versus reusable materials. We review the efficacy and ecological impacts of these different approaches. Currently no superiority of any of these approaches with regard to either efficacy or ecological impact can be found. The European Union has recently published a series of mandatory standards to specify material characteristics of barrier materials used in operating theatres (EN 13795). Their scope include production standards of these materials as well as specific processes in auditing their characteristics. The implementation of these norms will clearly present a challenge to European hospitals but will lead to better material characteristics in the end.
AuthorsB Salzberger, M Dettenkofer, F M Baer, O Cornely, M Herrmann, J Höher, S Lemmen
JournalDer Anaesthesist (Anaesthesist) Vol. 53 Issue 8 Pg. 727-33 (Aug 2004) ISSN: 0003-2417 [Print] Germany
Vernacular TitleIKOP-Infektionskontrolle im OperationsbereichKonsensus-Papier zum Schwerpunkt "Barrieremassnahmen bei Operationen und invasiven Eingriffen"
PMID15241523 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
  • Europe
  • Humans
  • Infection Control (economics, standards)
  • Legislation, Medical
  • Operating Rooms (economics, standards)
  • Permeability
  • Postoperative Complications (economics, epidemiology, prevention & control)
  • Risk Assessment
  • Surgical Procedures, Operative
  • Surgical Wound Infection (economics, epidemiology, prevention & control)

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