Long-term profile of a new progestin.

Major complications attributable to oral contraceptives (OCs) may occur in the circulatory system. The inherent risk factors, such as race and family history, are unchangeable. Others may be altered by patient counseling and subsequent adjustment of certain behaviors. Hypercoagulability is estrogen dose related. Older, high-dose-estrogen OC users were at 40% increased risk of mortality from thromboembolic phenomena. Reduction in estrogen content has unmasked the androgenic effects of some synthetic progestogens. These effects may include progression of atherogenesis, effected through changes in cholesterol and lipoproteins; reduction in sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), which enhances the androgenic effect; and changes in carbohydrate metabolism. This review of clinical findings is based on four studies; three had prospective cohort designs, and one was a prospective randomized comparison of a norgestimate-containing OC with a norgestrel-containing one. Numbers of subjects ranged from 20 to 59,701; the largest evaluated 343,348 cycles of treatment. Study intervals were from 4 to 24 months. The findings reported here are from the individual studies. 1. The normal value for cholesterol is less than 200 mg/dL. Of 2,197 women who met this cut-off point, 95% remained below it after 6 months of treatment. Of 756 who initially exceeded this value, 25% were below after 6 months and 75% remained above it. All studies to date have demonstrated that norgestimate produces consistent and significant elevations in high-density lipoprotein levels and variable change in low-density lipoproteins. A similar effect was noted on serum triglyceride values.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
AuthorsJ Lippman
JournalInternational journal of fertility (Int J Fertil) Vol. 37 Suppl 4 Pg. 218-22 ( 1992) ISSN: 0020-725X [Print] United States
PMID1362189 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Review)
Chemical References
  • Blood Glucose
  • Contraceptives, Oral, Combined
  • Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic
  • Drug Combinations
  • Gonadal Steroid Hormones
  • norgestimate, ethinyl estradiol drug combination
  • Norgestrel
  • Ethinyl Estradiol
  • Ethinyl Estradiol-Norgestrel Combination
  • Blood Coagulation (drug effects)
  • Blood Glucose (drug effects)
  • Contraceptives, Oral, Combined (adverse effects, pharmacology)
  • Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic (adverse effects, pharmacology)
  • Drug Combinations
  • Ethinyl Estradiol (adverse effects, pharmacology)
  • Ethinyl Estradiol-Norgestrel Combination (analogs & derivatives)
  • Female
  • Gonadal Steroid Hormones (metabolism)
  • Humans
  • Lipid Metabolism
  • Norgestrel (adverse effects, analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)

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