Interferon beta-1a as an investigational treatment for CIDP.

A prospective, multicenter, open-label study was conducted to determine the safety and efficacy of intramuscular (IM) interferon beta-1a (IFNbeta-1a) (Avonex) for treatment of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). Eligible patients received IM IFNbeta-1a 30 microg once weekly for 6 months. Safety and tolerability were evaluated by reporting of adverse events, measurement of vital signs, and results of blood chemistry, hematology, and urinalysis. The primary efficacy end points were changed from baseline to month 6 on a quantitative Neurologic Disability Score (NDS), a clinical grading (CG) scale, and grip strength (GS) measures. Electrophysiologic measurements were performed at baseline and month 6. A total of 20 treatment-resistant patients with CIDP were enrolled in the study. The tolerability of IFNbeta-1a in patients with CIDP was similar to that seen with its use in MS. There were no serious adverse events, and no patients discontinued treatment due to adverse events. Seven patients (35%) showed clinical improvement, 10 (50%) had stable disease, and 3 (15%) continued to deteriorate. Significant improvements from baseline were observed in NDS in both the intent-to-treat and per protocol analyses (p=0.0005). For CG, significant improvement from baseline was observed in the per protocol analysis (p<0.05) but not in the intent-to-treat analysis. There was no significant effect of treatment on GS. Clinical improvement was not dependent on age, gender, clinical form of CIDP, or duration of symptoms. Electrophysiologic data showed improvements in mean median, ulnar, and tibial motor nerve potential areas. There was no correlation between clinical improvement and electrophysiologic data. The promising results of this study, especially given the refractory nature of the patient population, suggest that a larger placebo-controlled study should be performed to further evaluate the efficacy of IM IFNbeta-1a for the treatment of CIDP.
AuthorsJ-M Vallat, A F Hahn, J-M Léger, D P Cros, L Magy, F Tabaraud, P Bouche, P-M Preux
JournalNeurology (Neurology) Vol. 60 Issue 8 Suppl 3 Pg. S23-8 (Apr 01 2003) ISSN: 1526-632X [Electronic] United States
PMID12707419 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Multicenter Study, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Adjuvants, Immunologic
  • Immunoglobulins, Intravenous
  • Interferon-beta
  • Interferon beta-1a
  • Adjuvants, Immunologic (adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Electrophysiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulins, Intravenous (therapeutic use)
  • Interferon beta-1a
  • Interferon-beta (adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polyradiculoneuropathy, Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating (drug therapy, physiopathology, therapy)
  • Prospective Studies
  • Safety
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Treatment Outcome

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