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Influence of gender on thermoregulation and cholinesterase inhibition in the long-evans rat exposed to diazinon.

Abstract
Diazinon is an organophosphate (OP)-based, anticholinesterase insecticide that irreversibly inhibits acetylcholinesterase activity and produces cholinergic stimulation in central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral tissues. Our laboratory has found that OPs administered orally in rats induce a transient period of hypothermia followed by a delayed fever that persists for several days after exposure. There is little information on the thermoregulatory effects of diazinon. Core temperature (Tc) and motor activity (MA) were monitored by radiotelemetry in male and female rats of the Long-Evans strain dosed orally with diazinon (0 [corn-oil vehicle], 100, 200, or 300 mg/kg in males and 0, 50, 100, or 200 mg/kg in females). There was a dose-dependent decrease in Tc during the first night after treatment, with females exhibiting slightly greater sensitivity than males. MA was unaffected in females exposed to diazinon at doses of 50 to 200 mg/kg; MA of males was reduced during the first night after dosing with 300 mg/kg. There was a delayed elevation in Tc of males dosed with 200 and 300 mg/kg and females dosed with 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg diazinon. The elevated Tc was only manifested during d 2 and 3 after diazinon. Administration of 200 mg/kg sodium salicylate to females 48 h after being treated with 200 mg/kg diazinon led to a rapid abatement of the fever. Diazinon doses of 50 to 300 mg/kg led to 40% to 50% inhibition in plasma cholinesterase (ChE) activity 4 h after dosing, and females displayed a significantly slower recovery of ChE activity compared to males. When compared on a molar basis, the hypothermic response to diazinon was relatively small compared to other OPs such as chlorpyrifos. The delayed fever and efficacy of sodium salicylate to block diazinon-induced fever are similar to the effects of OPs chlorpyrifos and diisopropyl fluoro-phosphate (DFP).
AuthorsChristopher J Gordon, Cina M Mack
JournalJournal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A (J Toxicol Environ Health A) Vol. 66 Issue 3 Pg. 291-304 (Feb 14 2003) ISSN: 1528-7394 [Print] England
PMID12521673 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Insecticides
  • Cholinesterases
  • Diazinon
Topics
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Body Temperature Regulation (drug effects)
  • Cholinesterases (blood)
  • Diazinon (toxicity)
  • Female
  • Insecticides (toxicity)
  • Male
  • Motor Activity (drug effects)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Long-Evans
  • Sex Factors

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