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Persistence and reversibility of the elevation in free sphingoid bases induced by fumonisin inhibition of ceramide synthase.

Abstract
These studies determined (1) the time course for sphingoid base elevation in the small intestines, liver, and kidney of mice following a single 25 mg/kg body weight (bw) oral dose (high dose) of fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)), (2) the minimum threshold dose of FB(1) that would prolong the elevated sphingoid base concentration in kidney following the single high dose, and (3) the importance of the balance between the rate of sphingoid base biosynthesis and degradation in the persistence of sphingoid base accumulation. Following the high dose of FB(1), there was an increase in sphinganine in intestinal cells and liver that peaked at 4 to 12 h and declined to near the control level by 48 h. In kidney, sphinganine peaked at 6-12 h but remained elevated until 72 h, approaching control levels at 96-120 h. Oral administration of 0.03 mg FB(1)/kg bw (low dose) for 5 days had no effect on the sphingoid bases in kidney. However, following an initial high dose, daily administration of the low dose prolonged the elevation in kidney sphinganine compared to mice receiving a single high dose. Thus, a single exposure to a high dose of FB(1) followed by daily exposure at low levels will prolong the elevation of sphinganine in kidney. In cultured renal cells FB(1) was rapidly eliminated, but elevated sphinganine was persistent. This persistence in renal cells was rapidly reversed in the presence of the serine palmitoyltransferase inhibitor (ISP-1), indicating that the persistence was due to differences in the rates of sphinganine biosynthesis and degradation. The in vivo persistence in kidney may be due to similar differences.
AuthorsE N Enongene, R P Sharma, N Bhandari, J D Miller, F I Meredith, K A Voss, R T Riley
JournalToxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology (Toxicol Sci) Vol. 67 Issue 2 Pg. 173-81 (Jun 2002) ISSN: 1096-6080 [Print] United States
PMID12011476 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Carboxylic Acids
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated
  • Fumonisins
  • Mycotoxins
  • fumonisin B1
  • Oxidoreductases
  • dihydroceramide desaturase
  • Acyltransferases
  • Serine C-Palmitoyltransferase
  • Sphingosine
  • thermozymocidin
Topics
  • Acyltransferases (antagonists & inhibitors)
  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Carboxylic Acids (administration & dosage, toxicity)
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Enzyme Inhibitors (administration & dosage, toxicity)
  • Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated (pharmacology)
  • Fumonisins
  • Intestine, Small (drug effects, metabolism)
  • Kidney (drug effects, metabolism)
  • LLC-PK1 Cells (drug effects, metabolism)
  • Liver (drug effects, metabolism)
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mycotoxins (administration & dosage, toxicity)
  • Oxidoreductases (antagonists & inhibitors)
  • Serine C-Palmitoyltransferase
  • Sphingosine (analogs & derivatives, metabolism)
  • Swine

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