PKC-delta inhibition does not block preconditioning-induced preservation in mitochondrial ATP synthesis and infarct size reduction in rats.

We have previously demonstrated that cardioprotection induced by the infusion of a selective delta1-opioid agonist is mediated by the specific translocation of PKC-delta to the mitochondria in in vivo rat hearts and via opening of the mitochondrial KATP channel. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is also thought to involve the translocation of specific isoforms of PKC and KATP channel activation. Therefore, we utilized the PKC-delta selective antagonist, rottlerin, to assess the effect of inhibition of this isozyme on cardioprotection induced by one-cycle of IPC prior to 30 minutes of ischemia and 2 hours of reperfusion. Infarct size (IS) was determined by tetrazolium chloride staining and expressed as a percent of the area at risk (AAR). Non-preconditioned control animals had an IS/AAR of 59.7 +/- 1.6. IPC significantly reduced the extent of myocardial infarction (6.3 +/- 1.4). Rottlerin, 0.3 mg/kg, did not alter IS/AAR in control animals (55.0 +/- 5.6), and had no significant effect on IS/AAR in preconditioned animals (14.4 +/- 3.8). Additionally, we demonstrated, using a luciferase-based assay to determine the rate of ATP synthesis and state of mitochondrial bioenergetics, that IPC preserves ATP synthesis in the ischemic myocardium and that this preservation is attenuated by the isoform non-selective PKC inhibitor, chelerythrine, but not by the delta-selective antagonist, rottlerin. These data suggest that PKC-delta does not play an important role in IPC and that differences in isoform importance are evident during pharmacological versus ischemia-induced preconditioning.
AuthorsRyan M Fryer, Anna K Hsu, Yigang Wang, Michele Henry, Janis Eells, Garrett J Gross
JournalBasic research in cardiology (Basic Res Cardiol) Vol. 97 Issue 1 Pg. 47-54 (Jan 2002) ISSN: 0300-8428 [Print] Germany
PMID11998977 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Acetophenones
  • Alkaloids
  • Benzophenanthridines
  • Benzopyrans
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Isoenzymes
  • Phenanthridines
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • rottlerin
  • chelerythrine
  • Prkcd protein, rat
  • Protein Kinase C
  • Protein Kinase C-delta
  • Acetophenones (pharmacology)
  • Adenosine Triphosphate (biosynthesis)
  • Alkaloids
  • Animals
  • Benzophenanthridines
  • Benzopyrans (pharmacology)
  • Enzyme Inhibitors (pharmacology)
  • Hemodynamics
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial
  • Isoenzymes (antagonists & inhibitors, metabolism)
  • Male
  • Mitochondria, Heart (drug effects, enzymology, metabolism)
  • Myocardial Infarction (enzymology, metabolism, pathology)
  • Phenanthridines (pharmacology)
  • Protein Kinase C (antagonists & inhibitors, metabolism)
  • Protein Kinase C-delta
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar

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