cDNA cloning, DNA binding, and evolution of mammalian transcription factor IIIA.

cDNA for rat transcription factor IIIA (TFIIIA) was cloned by degenerate PCR and rapid amplification of cDNA ends. This cDNA coded for a protein with nine Cys(2)His(2) zinc fingers and a non-finger C-terminal tail; 63% amino acid (aa) sequence identity was observed with the Xenopus TFIIIA zinc finger region. Recombinant rat protein containing only the nine fingers afforded DNase I protection of the identical nucleotides protected by Xenopus laevis native TFIIIA on the Xenopus 5S RNA gene internal control region. A putative mouse TFIIIA clone was identified in an expressed sequence tag database by sequence similarity to rat TFIIIA. Recombinant nine-finger protein from this clone afforded DNase I protection of the Xenopus 5S rRNA gene like the native frog protein as did a recombinant nine-finger form of a putative human TFIIIA clone. These DNA binding results demonstrate that these clones code for the respective mammalian TFIIIAs. Rodent and human TFIIIAs share about 87% aa sequence identity in their zinc finger regions and have evolved to about the same extent as X. laevis and Xenopus borealis TFIIIAs. A monoclonal antibody against human p53 tumor suppressor bound to rat and mouse TFIIIA but not to human TFIIIA in Western blots. The N-terminal regions of rodent and human TFIIIA do not contain the oocyte-specific initiating Met and accompanying conserved residues found in fish and amphibian TFIIIAs. In their non-finger C-terminal tails, mammalian and amphibian TFIIIAs share a conserved transcription activation domain as well as conserved nuclear localization and nuclear export signals.
AuthorsJay S Hanas, James R Hocker, Yong-Gang Cheng, Megan R Lerner, Daniel J Brackett, Stan A Lightfoot, Rushie J Hanas, Kunapuli T Madhusudhan, Rodney J Moreland
JournalGene (Gene) Vol. 282 Issue 1-2 Pg. 43-52 (Jan 9 2002) ISSN: 0378-1119 [Print] Netherlands
PMID11814676 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Transcription Factor TFIIIA
  • Transcription Factors
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary (chemistry, genetics)
  • DNA-Binding Proteins (genetics, metabolism)
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Binding
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred WF
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Recombinant Proteins (genetics, metabolism)
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transcription Factor TFIIIA
  • Transcription Factors (genetics, metabolism)

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!

Choose Username:
Verify Password:
Type Validation Code Shown: