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Reactive glia support and guide axon growth in the rat thalamus during the first postnatal week. A sharply timed transition from permissive to non-permissive stage.

Abstract
The present study demonstrates a supportive and guiding effect of the reactive glia on the postlesional axon growth in vivo, and offers a model system to compare permissive and non-permissive forms of the glial reaction. After stab wounds in early postnatal (P2-P9) rats, the reactive glia and the nerve fibers were detected by the immunohistochemical staining of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and neurofilament protein, respectively. In the thalamus of the animals lesioned at P5 or earlier, an extraordinary bundle of fibers immunoreactive to neurofilament protein was found, corresponding to the lesion track marked by reactive glia. This bundle persisted up to 2 months, as shown by electron microscopy. When the animals were lesioned at P7 or later, the lesion track was immunonegative to neurofilament protein. Following P6 lesions, an intermediate situation was found, the strip of immunoreactive neurofilament protein was missing, or short and weak. GFAP immunostaining demonstrated a typical reactive glia in every case. As a result of the same operation, reactive glia plus a deficiency of neurofilament protein immunostaining was found in every animal in the cortex and the corpus callosum, independently from the age at lesion. The results demonstrate that the permissive nature of the glial reaction depends on the lesioned area as well, and changes to a non-permissive effect in a short time interval.
AuthorsB M Ajtai, M Kálmán
JournalInternational journal of developmental neuroscience : the official journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience (Int J Dev Neurosci) Vol. 19 Issue 6 Pg. 589-97 (Oct 2001) ISSN: 0736-5748 [Print] England
PMID11600320 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
  • Neurofilament Proteins
Topics
  • Aging (physiology)
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Brain Injuries (pathology, physiopathology)
  • Cell Communication (physiology)
  • Cell Differentiation (physiology)
  • Denervation
  • Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (metabolism)
  • Gliosis (pathology, physiopathology)
  • Growth Cones (metabolism, ultrastructure)
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Nerve Regeneration (physiology)
  • Neurofilament Proteins (metabolism)
  • Neuroglia (metabolism, ultrastructure)
  • Neuronal Plasticity (physiology)
  • Rats
  • Thalamus (cytology, growth & development, metabolism)

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