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Effects of organosulfur compounds from garlic oil on the antioxidation system in rat liver and red blood cells.

Abstract
The modulation of garlic oil (GO) and three allyl compounds, diallyl sulfide (DAS), diallyl disulfide (DADS) and diallyl trisulfide (DATS), on the antioxidation system in rat livers and red blood cells was examined. Rats were orally administered GO (200 mg/kg body weight), DAS (20, 80 mg/kg body weight), DADS (80 mg/kg body weight) or DATS (70 mg/kg body weight) three times a week for 6 weeks. Control rats received corn oil (2 ml/kg body weight) alone. GO, DADS and DATS treatment significantly increased the glutathione (GSH) content (48-84%) in red blood cells (P < 0.05). DATS displayed a greater enhancement than GO and DADS (P < 0.05). Hemolysis induced by tert-butyl hydroperoxide was not suppressed by GO or allyl compound treatment although higher GSH content was evident. Hepatic GSH was not influenced by garlic components. In rat livers, DADS and DATS significantly increased the activity of GSH reductase (46 and 54%, respectively) and of GSH S-transferase (GST) (63 and 103%, respectively), but decreased the GSH peroxidase activity (27 and 28%, respectively). In contrast, GSH reductase and GST activities in the DAS group, either 20 or 80 mg/kg body weight, were similar to the control group. A decrease of GSH peroxidase activity was observed in rats dosed with 80 mg/kg body weight (P < 0.05). An increase in GST activity and a decrease in GSH peroxidase activities were also noted in GO-treated rats (P < 0.05). In red blood cells, three GSH-related antioxidant enzyme activities were not affected by garlic oil and its organosulfur components. Immunoblot assay showed that, accompanying the increase in hepatic GST activity, GO, DADS, DAS (80 mg/kg body weight) and DATS increased the expression of GST Ya, Yb1 and Yc proteins. Results indicate that GO and three allyl compounds play a differential role in modulation of the GSH-related antioxidant system in rat livers and red blood cells.
AuthorsC C Wu, L Y Sheen, H W Chen, S J Tsai, C K Lii
JournalFood and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association (Food Chem Toxicol) Vol. 39 Issue 6 Pg. 563-9 (Jun 2001) ISSN: 0278-6915 [Print] England
PMID11346486 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Allyl Compounds
  • Anticarcinogenic Agents
  • Antioxidants
  • Disulfides
  • Sulfides
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
  • diallyl trisulfide
  • diallyl disulfide
  • allyl sulfide
  • Glutathione Reductase
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • Glutathione
  • Glutathione Disulfide
Topics
  • Allyl Compounds (administration & dosage, pharmacology)
  • Animals
  • Anticarcinogenic Agents (pharmacology)
  • Antioxidants
  • Blotting, Western
  • Body Weight (drug effects)
  • Disulfides (pharmacology)
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Erythrocytes (drug effects, enzymology, metabolism)
  • Glutathione (metabolism)
  • Glutathione Disulfide (metabolism)
  • Glutathione Reductase (metabolism)
  • Glutathione Transferase (metabolism)
  • Hemolysis
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Liver (drug effects, enzymology, metabolism)
  • Male
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Sulfides (administration & dosage, pharmacology)
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances (metabolism)

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