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Coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor expression in ovarian cancer cell lines is associated with increased adenovirus transduction efficiency and transgene expression.

Abstract
The expression of coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR) and the integrins alpha(v)beta3 and alpha(v)beta5 was analyzed quantitatively (flow cytometry) and qualitatively (immunocytochemistry) in five human ovarian cancer cell lines (PEO1, PEO4, PEO14, SKOV-3, and OVCAR-3) and three control cell lines (293, HeLa, and CHO-K1). The transduction efficiencies were evaluated by adv/rsv-beta-Gal transduction followed by X-gal staining. The effects of 17beta-estradiol on cell growth, CAR and integrins alpha(v)beta3/5 expression, adenovirus transduction efficiency, and cell-killing efficacy of adv/rsv-tk plus ganciclovir were determined. The levels of CAR, integrin alpha(v)beta3, and integrin alpha(v)beta5 showed great variation between the cell lines. Whereas the expression of CAR appeared to be essential for and positively correlated with adenovirus transduction efficiency, the integrins alpha(v)beta3 and alpha(v)beta5 were not absolutely necessary for adenovirus transduction even though their presence may facilitate transduction. In PEO4 and PEO1 cells, proliferation was stimulated by 17beta-estradiol in a dose-dependent manner. In PEO4 cells, and much less pronounced in PEO1 cells, this was accompanied by an increase in CAR expression. The stimulation of CAR expression was paralleled by an increased transduction efficiency resulting in an increased cell-killing efficacy. Our data suggest that the expression of CAR is one of the most important prerequisites for successful adenovirus-mediated gene therapy of ovarian cancer.
AuthorsZ You, D C Fischer, X Tong, A Hasenburg, E Aguilar-Cordova, D G Kieback
JournalCancer gene therapy (Cancer Gene Ther) Vol. 8 Issue 3 Pg. 168-75 (Mar 2001) ISSN: 0929-1903 [Print] England
PMID11332987 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • CLMP protein, human
  • Coxsackie and Adenovirus Receptor-Like Membrane Protein
  • Integrins
  • Receptors, Virus
  • Receptors, Vitronectin
  • integrin alphaVbeta5
  • Thymidine Kinase
Topics
  • Adenoviridae (genetics)
  • Cell Survival
  • Coxsackie and Adenovirus Receptor-Like Membrane Protein
  • Female
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Integrins (analysis)
  • Ovarian Neoplasms (metabolism, therapy)
  • Receptors, Virus (genetics, metabolism)
  • Receptors, Vitronectin (analysis)
  • Thymidine Kinase (genetics)
  • Transduction, Genetic
  • Transgenes
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

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