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Six-month outcomes for patients who switched to olanzapine treatment.

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
This study evaluated the outcomes of patients in a community mental health center who switched from treatment with another antipsychotic to olanzapine treatment. It also sought to determine whether simultaneous access to case management and psychosocial rehabilitation and olanzapine leads to enhanced functional improvement.
METHODS:
Six-month outcomes for a consecutive series of 104 patients who switched from a conventional antipsychotic medication to olanzapine were evaluated. Forty-nine patients in the same treatment program who continued to take conventional antipsychotics were also monitored as a reference group. Outcomes of the group receiving olanzapine were compared with their own baseline status and with outcomes of the reference group.
RESULTS:
At six months, patients in the olanzapine group demonstrated significant improvement over baseline across multiple measures of symptoms and psychosocial function. Compared with the reference group, the olanzapine group was more symptomatic at baseline and demonstrated significantly greater improvement at follow-up on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale and all subscales; Mini Psychiatric Rating Scale negative symptom, disorganization, anxiety, depression, and medication side effects items; and Clinical Global Improvement scale and Case Manager's Rating Scale-Plus illness factors. There was a trend toward superior improvement in psychosocial functioning among patients in the olanzapine group that achieved significance when patients in acute relapse at baseline were excluded.
CONCLUSIONS:
Olanzapine is effective in managing markedly to severely ill patients with psychotic disorders in a community mental health center. Simultaneous treatment with olanzapine, case management, and psychosocial rehabilitation leads to enhanced functional improvement among nonrelapsing patients.
AuthorsD L Noordsy, C O'Keefe, K T Mueser, H Xie
JournalPsychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) (Psychiatr Serv) Vol. 52 Issue 4 Pg. 501-7 (Apr 2001) ISSN: 1075-2730 [Print] United States
PMID11274497 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Benzodiazepines
  • olanzapine
  • Pirenzepine
  • Chlorpromazine
Topics
  • Adult
  • Antipsychotic Agents (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale
  • Chlorpromazine (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders (diagnosis, drug therapy, psychology)
  • Middle Aged
  • Pirenzepine (administration & dosage, analogs & derivatives, therapeutic use)
  • Prospective Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome

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